Machinists and Machining and Tooling Inspectors

(NOC 7231)

in All Trades and Transportation

Machinists set up and use a variety of machine tools to cut or grind metal, plastic, or other materials to make or modify parts or products with precise dimensions. Machining and tooling inspectors inspect machined parts and tooling to maintain quality control standards. They work for machinery, equipment, motor vehicle, automotive parts, aircraft, and other metal products manufacturing companies and by machine shops.

Job Outlook

Average

Read more

  • Estimate Decline sharply employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 15 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate Moderate rate of unemployment in 2019

Compared to: All Trades and Transportation

  • Estimate 205 employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 4385 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate rate of unemployment not available for these occupation.

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a moderate sized occupation in Nova Scotia so some job opportunities may occur through turnover. The number employed in this occupation is expected to decline moderately over the next few years, which will likely limit the number of new opportunities available. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Machinists and Machining and Tooling Inspectors most commonly work full-time hours.

The median employment income for 74% of Machinists and Machining and Tooling Inspectors who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $58,053. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

$22.00

Minimum

$26.35

Median

$33.50

Maximum

Annual Pay

$23,087

Minimum

$52,882

Median

$81,072

Maximum

Compared to: All Trades and Transportation

Hourly Pay

$13.50

Minimum

$27.25

Median

$35.50

Maximum

Annual Pay

$7,580

Minimum

$37,269

Median

$79,787

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

Machinists set up and use a variety of machine tools to cut or grind metal, plastic, or other materials to make or modify parts or products with precise dimensions. Machining and tooling inspectors inspect machined parts and tooling to maintain quality control standards. They work for machinery, equipment, motor vehicle, automotive parts, aircraft, and other metal products manufacturing companies and by machine shops.

Job duties

Machinists:

  • Read and interpret engineering drawings, blueprints, charts and tables or study sample parts to determine machining operation to be performed, and plan best sequence of operations.
  • Compute dimensions and tolerances and measure and lay out work pieces.
  • Set up, operate and maintain a variety of machine tools including computer numerically controlled (CNC) tools to perform precision, non-repetitive machining operations like sawing, turning, milling, boring, planing, drilling, precision grinding and other operations.
  • Fit and assemble machined metal parts and subassemblies using hand and power tools.
  • Verify dimensions of products for accuracy and conformance to specifications using precision measuring instruments.
  • May set up and program machine tools for use by machining tool operators.

Machining and tooling inspectors:

  • Verify dimensions of machined parts or tooling using micrometers, verniers, calipers, height gauges, optical comparators, coordinate measuring machines (CMM) or other specialized measuring instruments.
  • Maintain, repair, and calibrate precision measuring instruments like dial indicators, fixed gauges, height gauges and other measuring devices.
  • Report deviations from specifications and tolerances to supervisor.
  • Complete and maintain inspection reports.

Sample job titles

  • computer numerical control (CNC) machinist
  • machine shop inspector
  • machining and tooling inspector
  • machinist
  • machinist apprentice
  • maintenance machinist
  • tool and die inspector
  • tooling inspector

Skills

You should have an interest in machines, precision techniques, and processes. Good hand-eye coordination and agility are needed. You should be comfortable working with tools and able to read mechanical drawings. You must have the ability to work systematically, think analytically, and perform basic mathematical calculations. Employees in automated shops must be comfortable using computer equipment.

Job requirements

  • High school is usually required.
  • A four-year apprenticeship program or a combination of over four years of work experience in the trade and some college or industry courses in machining is usually required to be eligible for trade certification.
  • Trade certification for machinists is available, but voluntary, in Nova Scotia.
  • Red Seal Endorsement (RSE) is available to qualified machinists upon successful completion of the interprovincial Red Seal examination.

Other considerations

Workers will have to keep up with changing technology. The use of sophisticated computer-controlled equipment has transformed the work of machinists and will continue to do so. The wage rate for apprentices is usually a percentage of the journeyperson rate, increasing upon completion of each stage of the apprenticeship program. Familiarity with exotic and composite materials may be required for machinists in aviation and other advanced manufacturing sectors. Several years of experience as a machinist, tool and die maker or machining tool operator may be required for machining and tooling inspectors. Progression to supervisory positions is possible with experience.

By the numbers

Quick look

685

employed in 2016

92.7%

employed full-time

8.8%

self employed

1.5%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
98.5%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
49.5

median age

Compared to: All Trades and Transportation

57,925

employed in 2016

85.9%

employed full-time

11.8%

self employed

5.3%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
94.7%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
46.8

median age

Where will I likely work?

44.9%

Halifax

21.7%

North Shore

16.7%

Annapolis Valley

13.0%

Southern

3.6%

Cape Breton

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

North Shore

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

76.6%

Manufacturing

5.6%

Other services (except public administration)

5.6%

Public administration

2.4%

Professional, scientific and technical services

1.6%

Utilities

What is the age of Employment?

32.0%

45-54

26.0%

55-64

17.0%

25-34

17.0%

35-44

4.0%

65+

4.0%

15-24

Compared to: All Trades and Transportation

24.4%

45-54

22.1%

55-64

17.7%

35-44

17.7%

25-34

10.9%

15-24

Top levels of education

46.7%

College Diploma

$47,112 median annual income
40.1%

Trade Certification

$65,590 median annual income
5.8%

High school

$52,604 median annual income
3.6%

Less than high school

N/A
1.5%

Bachelor

N/A

Compared to: All Trades and Transportation

29.2%

Trade Certification

$46,494 median annual income
25.5%

High school

$31,260 median annual income
22.3%

College Diploma

$42,050 median annual income
18.7%

Less than high school

$28,319 median annual income
2.8%

Bachelor

$30,527 median annual income

Education & training

Adult High School Diploma or Equivalent

High School Program

The Nova Scotia School for Adult Learning (NSSAL) administers, coordinates, and supports the development and delivery of adult education programs through learning partners in Nova Scotia. Our learning partners include the Nova Scotia Community College, Adult High Schools, Université Sainte-Anne, and community-based learning organizations that offer tuition-free programming across the province. NSSAL offers clear, accessible pathways from adult basic education to a high school credential or GED, empowering Nova Scotians to achieve their learning and employment goals.

Institutions providing this program

Universite Sainte-Anne

Pointe-de-l'Église, NS

Nova Scotia Community College - Adult Learning

Various, NS

Adult High Schools

Various, NS

Community Learning Organizations

Various, NS

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist

College or Trades Program

These programs prepare students to apply technical knowledge and skills to plan, manufacture, assemble, test, and repair parts, mechanisms, machines, and structures in which materials are cast, formed, shaped, moulded, heat treated, cut, twisted, pressed, fused, stamped or worked.

Institutions providing this program

Nova Scotia Community College - Kingstec Campus

Kentville, NS

Nova Scotia Community College - Pictou Campus & School of Fisheries

Stellarton, NS

Apprenticeship Training

Halifax, NS

Employment requirements & contacts

Regulations

Machinist

Certificate of Qualification (Voluntary): This is a designated trade in Nova Scotia. Employers may require certification, but a certificate is not needed to legally do this work.

Regulating body:
Nova Scotia Apprenticeship Agency
1256 Barrington Street, 3rd Fl, Box 578
Halifax, NS B3J 2S9
(800) 494-5651

Contacts

International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
Toronto, ON
Canadian Tooling and Machining Association
Cambridge, ON

Additional resources

There are no additional resources for this occupation.