Producers, Directors, Choreographers, and Related Workers

(NOC 5131)

in All Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport

This group includes producers, directors, choreographers, and others who oversee and control the technical and artistic aspects of film, television, video game, radio, dance, and theatre productions. They work for film production companies, radio and television stations, video game companies, broadcast departments, advertising companies, sound recording studios, record production companies and dance companies. They may also be self-employed.

Job Outlook

Limited

Read more

  • Estimate Decline employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 20 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate Moderate rate of unemployment in 2019

Compared to: All Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport

  • Estimate 60 employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 765 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate rate of unemployment not available for these occupation.

Activity in the theatre and film industries was severely restricted at the beginning of the pandemic. To comply with physical distancing rules, theatres had to greatly reduce the size of their audience, limiting the ability to generate revenue. Many theatres have opted to remain closed while these regulations are in place. Crewmembers who would ordinarily be employed have not been able to generate income as a result. The introduction of travel restrictions caused a lull in the film and TV industry. By late summer, however, several projects were underway with workers from out-of-province self-isolating prior to beginning production. There is speculation in the industry that the relative safety of low case counts in this province have been a draw for some crews. Certain types of worker in this occupational group, such as those involved in radio or video game production, were less impacted by the Health Protection Act Order.

This is a relatively small occupation that is strongly affected by changes in industry conditions, like arts funding or the number of active TV and film productions in the province. In the film industry, a large influx of projects has the potential to absorb the limited supply of production specialists. Prospects have been generally poor in recent years, though there are exceptions. Prior to the pandemic, higher interest in theatre productions in some communities enabled more consistent employment opportunities than usual.

The median employment income for the 47% of Producers, Directors, Choreographers, and Related Workers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $49,217. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, the 59% of those who worked full-time, year-round had a median employment income of $43,600. (Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

$15.38

Minimum

$25.00

Median

$41.43

Maximum

Annual Pay

$3,204

Minimum

$38,445

Median

$91,284

Maximum

Compared to: All Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport

Hourly Pay

$12.55

Minimum

$24.73

Median

$36.29

Maximum

Annual Pay

$945

Minimum

$11,712

Median

$60,447

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

This group includes producers, directors, choreographers, and others who oversee and control the technical and artistic aspects of film, television, video game, radio, dance, and theatre productions. They work for film production companies, radio and television stations, video game companies, broadcast departments, advertising companies, sound recording studios, record production companies and dance companies. They may also be self-employed.

Job duties

Film, radio and television producers:

  • Plan, organize, and control the various stages and scheduling involved in producing presentations, motion pictures, television shows, and radio programs.
  • Engage directors and other production personnel and supervise all technical personnel, and determine the treatment, scope, and scheduling of production.
  • Maintain production archives and negotiate royalties.

  • Directors:
  • Interpret scripts and direct the stage design an arrangement of actors in scenes.
  • Select and direct the actors, extras and technical crew.
  • Advise the cast and crew on the interpretation and delivery of the performance.
  • Direct rehearsals, filming, broadcasts, and performances.
  • Confer with crew and specialists throughout production and post-production to achieve desired presentation.

Choreographers:

  • Create dances for film, theatre and television performances that convey stories, ideas and moods, and direct rehearsals for dancers to achieve desired interpretation.

Art directors:

  • Plan, organize and direct the artistic aspects of motion pictures, stage productions and television shows by overseeing the design of sets, costumes, furnishings, and props to create portrayals of period and setting.

Film editors:

  • Edit motion picture film and arrange film segments into sequences to achieve continuity and desired dramatic, comedic, and thematic effects.

Record producers:

  • Plan and coordinate musical recording productions, direct musicians and singers during rehearsals and recordings and manage technicians involved in duplicating, dubbing, and mastering of recordings.

Directors of photography:

  • Coordinate and direct the photography of motion pictures, supervise camera operators and other crews, and determine lighting, lenses, camera angles, backgrounds, and other elements to achieve desired visual effect.

Sample job titles

  • assistant director
  • choreographer
  • cinematographer
  • director of photography
  • film director
  • film editor
  • film producer
  • filmmaker
  • producer-director
  • record producer
  • video producer

Skills

You should be dedicated, motivated, and willing to accept constructive criticism. Talent, creativity, and technical skills are essential. You must be comfortable working with others. Self-discipline and a good business sense are also helpful.

Job requirements

  • Producers, directors, and film editors: a university degree or college diploma in the performing arts, broadcasting, journalism, business administration, theatre production or film studies and experience in a technical or production occupation in motion pictures, broadcasting or theatre are usually required.
  • Choreographers: a university degree or college diploma in dance, or a period of study at a school of dance and extensive training with a dance company are usually required.
  • Record producers: a university degree or college diploma in music or the recording arts and experience in a technical or production occupation in the recording arts are usually required.
  • Directors of photography: a university degree or college diploma in film studies or cinematography and experience in camera operation or another technical occupation in video or motion picture production are usually required.

Other considerations

Many factors can affect an individual's earnings in these jobs. Therefore, incomes will likely vary greatly throughout the year and from one year to the next. Many people find it necessary to work at other jobs to supplement their income. Demonstrated creative ability is required for all jobs in this group. Membership in a related guild or union may be required.

By the numbers

Quick look

515

employed in 2016

81.7%

employed full-time

38.5%

self employed

37.5%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
62.5%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
45.5

median age

Compared to: All Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport

11,000

employed in 2016

53.3%

employed full-time

29.3%

self employed

55.6%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
44.4%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
38.2

median age

Where will I likely work?

77.1%

Halifax

10.5%

Southern

4.8%

Cape Breton

3.8%

North Shore

3.8%

Annapolis Valley

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

North Shore

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

70.5%

Information and cultural industries

14.7%

Arts, entertainment and recreation

3.2%

Professional, scientific and technical services

3.2%

Public administration

2.1%

Wholesale trade

What is the age of Employment?

26.0%

35-44

25.0%

45-54

17.0%

55-64

17.0%

25-34

9.0%

65+

6.0%

15-24

Compared to: All Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport

29.7%

15-24

15.9%

35-44

15.7%

45-54

15.4%

25-34

14.9%

55-64

Top levels of education

45.2%

Bachelor

$44,503 median annual income
21.2%

College Diploma

$35,136 median annual income
17.3%

High school

$33,810 median annual income
6.7%

Master

N/A
5.8%

Diploma Above Bachelor

N/A

Compared to: All Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport

26.4%

Bachelor

$17,829 median annual income
24.9%

High school

$7,552 median annual income
19.5%

College Diploma

$22,120 median annual income
13.7%

Less than high school

$2,922 median annual income
7.9%

Master

$36,173 median annual income

Education & training

Arts, Entertainment, and Media Management

College or University Program

These programs prepare students to organize and manage various aspects of the visual arts, performing arts, and entertainment media industries. They include courses in business and financial management, marketing and fund-raising, labour relations for the arts, event promotion and management, product and artist management, and applicable law.

Institutions providing this program

NSCAD University

Halifax, NS

Nova Scotia Community College - Ivany Campus

Dartmouth, NS

Broadcast Journalism

College or University Program

These programs focus on the methods and techniques for reporting, producing, and delivering news and news programs via radio, television, and video/film media and prepares students to be professional broadcast journalists, editors, producers, directors, and managers. They include courses in the principles of broadcast technology, broadcast reporting, on- and off-camera and microphone procedures and techniques, program, sound, and video/film editing, program design and production, media law and policy, and professional standards and ethics.

Institutions providing this program

Nova Scotia Community College - Ivany Campus

Dartmouth, NS

Drama and Theatre Arts

College or University Program

These programs focus on the general study of dramatic works and their performance. They include courses in major works of dramatic literature, dramatic styles and types, and the principles of organizing and producing full live or filmed productions.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

Wolfville, NS

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

University of King's College

Halifax, NS

Cape Breton University

Sydney, NS

Film Studies

College, Trades, or University Program

These programs focus on the study of the history, development, theory, and criticism of the film/video arts, as well as the basic principles of film making and film production.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

University of King's College

Halifax, NS

NSCAD University

Halifax, NS

Saint Mary's University

Halifax, NS

Nova Scotia Community College - Ivany Campus

Dartmouth, NS

Journalism

College or University Program

These programs focus on the theory and practice of gathering, processing, and delivering news and that prepares students to be professional print journalists, news editors, and news managers. They include courses in news writing and editing, reporting, photojournalism, layout and graphic design, journalism law and policy, professional standards and ethics, research methods, and journalism history and criticism.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

University of King's College

Halifax, NS

Music

College, Trades, or University Program

These programs focus on the introductory study and appreciation of music and the performing arts. These programs include courses in music, dance, and other performing arts media.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

Wolfville, NS

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

University of King's College

Halifax, NS

St. Francis Xavier University

Antigonish, NS

Cape Breton University

Sydney, NS

Nova Scotia Community College - Marconi Campus

Sydney, NS

Nova Scotia Community College - Ivany Campus

Dartmouth, NS

Music Performance

College or University Program

These programs prepare students to master musical instruments and performing art as solo and/or ensemble performers. Includes instruction in one or more specific instruments from various instrumental groupings.

Institutions providing this program

University of King's College

Halifax, NS

Music Theory and Composition

College or University Program

These programs focus on the study of the principles of sound manipulation as applied to the creation of music, and the techniques of creating and arranging music. They include courses in aural theory, melody, counterpoint, complex harmony, modulation, chromatics, improvisation, progressions, musical writing, instrumentation, orchestration, electronic and computer applications, studies of specific musical styles, and development of original creative ability.

Institutions providing this program

University of King's College

Halifax, NS

Musicology and Ethnomusicology

College, Trades, or University Program

These programs focus on the systematic study of the forms and methods of music art, and the functions of music, in Western and non-Western societies and cultures. They include courses in music theory, musicological research methods, and studies of specific cultural styles such as jazz, folk music, rock, ethnic musical traditions, and the music of non-Western cultures.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

University of King's College

Halifax, NS

Radio and Television

College or University Program

These programs focus on the theories, methods, and techniques used to plan, produce, and distribute audio and video programs and messages and prepares students to function as staff, producers, directors, and managers of radio and television shows and media organizations. They include courses in media aesthetics, planning, scheduling, and production, writing and editing, performing and directing, personnel and facilities management, marketing and distribution, media regulations, law, and policy, and principles of broadcast technology.

Institutions providing this program

Nova Scotia Community College - Ivany Campus

Dartmouth, NS

Employment requirements & contacts

No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile

Contacts

Dance Nova Scotia
Halifax, NS
Atlantic Filmmakers' Co-operative
Halifax, NS
Theatre Nova Scotia
Halifax, NS
Canadian Media Production Association
Toronto, ON
Screen Nova Scotia
Halifax, NS

Additional resources

There are no additional resources for this occupation.