Journalists

(NOC 5123)

in All Arts, Culture, Recreation and Sport

Journalists research, investigate, interpret and communicate news and public affairs through newspapers, television, radio and other media. They may specialize in print or non-print media, in a particular geographic area, or in particular issues such as political affairs or entertainment news. Journalists are employed by radio and television networks and stations, newspapers and magazines and may also work on a freelance basis.

Job Outlook

Limited

Read more

  • Estimate Moderate growth employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 20 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2016

Compared to: All Arts, Culture, Recreation and Sport

  • Estimate Moderate growth employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 735 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Moderate rate of unemployment in 2016

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “limited”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is below average when compared with other occupations in Nova Scotia. This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent and jobseekers may face competition. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow moderately over the next few years, which will likely provide some additional opportunities for employment (yet overall job prospects are still considered limited). With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Journalists most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs may either be permanent or temporary positions, as both are common. Also, a fair portion of the workforce is self-employed, so having the option to "work for yourself" may appeal to some individuals’ interests/motivations.

The median employment income for 52% of Journalists who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $46,540. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

$14.90

Minimum

$20.19

Median

$39.82

Maximum

Annual Pay

$1,597

Minimum

$36,399

Median

$78,784

Maximum

Compared to: All Arts, Culture, Recreation and Sport

Hourly Pay

$10.81

Minimum

$16.00

Median

$31.00

Maximum

Annual Pay

$945

Minimum

$11,712

Median

$60,447

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

Journalists research, investigate, interpret and communicate news and public affairs through newspapers, television, radio and other media. They may specialize in print or non-print media, in a particular geographic area, or in particular issues such as political affairs or entertainment news. Journalists are employed by radio and television networks and stations, newspapers and magazines and may also work on a freelance basis.

Job duties

Journalists perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Collect local, national and international news through interviews, investigation and observation.
  • Write news stories for publication and broadcast.
  • Receive, analyze and verify news and other copy for accuracy.
  • Arrange for and conduct interviews as part of research and for radio and television programs.
  • Research and report on developments in specialized fields such as medicine, science and technology.
  • Prepare regular feature columns and stories on specialized topics.
  • Write editorials and commentaries on topics of current interest to stimulate public interest and express the views of a publication or broadcasting station.
  • Write critical reviews of literary, musical and other artistic works based on knowledge, judgement and experience. // Journalists may specialize in print, broadcast or Webcast media, in particular issues such as political affairs or entertainment news, or in a particular geographic area.

Sample job titles

  • broadcast journalist
  • columnist
  • commentator
  • critic
  • investigative reporter
  • journalist
  • news correspondent
  • newspaper editorial writer
  • reporter
  • television news anchorperson

Skills

Journalists should be organized, resourceful, and creative. A critical mind, excellent writing ability, and language skills are also necessary. Keyboarding and word processing skills are a definite asset. Knowledge of French is strongly recommended.

Job requirements

  • A university degree or college diploma in journalism or a related field such as communications is usually required.

Other considerations

Some people in these jobs work irregular hours, including evenings and weekends. Experienced reporters may advance to editorial positions (print media) or become producers (broadcast media).

By the numbers

Quick look

280

employed in 2016

72.3%

employed full-time

25.0%

self employed

47.1%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
52.9%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
39.6

median age

Compared to: All Arts, Culture, Recreation and Sport

11,000

employed in 2016

59.4%

employed full-time

33.3%

self employed

55.6%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
44.4%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
38.2

median age

Where will I likely work?

61.4%

Halifax

11.4%

Southern

11.4%

Cape Breton

8.6%

Northern

7.1%

Annapolis Valley

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

Northern

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

83.1%

Information, Culture & Recreation

3.4%

Computer System Design Services

3.4%

Other Professional Services

3.4%

Educational Services

3.4%

Printing and Related Support Activities

What is the age of Employment?

47.4%

45-54

21.1%

25-34

10.5%

15-24

10.5%

35-44

10.5%

65+

Compared to: All Arts, Culture, Recreation and Sport

43.8%

35-44

35.4%

45-54

12.5%

25-34

8.3%

55-64

4.2%

65+

Top levels of education

55.4%

Bachelor's degree

$38,481 median annual income
15.4%

Doctorate

N/A
12.3%

College certificate or diploma

$33,948 median annual income
9.2%

High school

$20,558 median annual income
7.7%

University advanced certificate or diploma

N/A

Compared to: All Arts, Culture, Recreation and Sport

27.5%

Bachelor's degree

$19,705 median annual income
26.2%

High school

$7,127 median annual income
20.3%

College certificate or diploma

$20,158 median annual income
10.2%

Less than high school

$2,298 median annual income
8.0%

Master's degree

N/A

Education & training

Broadcast journalism

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the methods and techniques for reporting, producing, and delivering news and news programs via radio, television, and video/film media; and that prepares individuals to be professional broadcast journalists, editors, producers, directors, and managers. These programs include courses in the principles of broadcast technology; broadcast reporting; on- and off-camera and microphone procedures and techniques; program, sound, and video/film editing; program design and production; media law and policy; and professional standards and ethics.

Institutions providing this program

Nova Scotia Community College - Waterfront Campus & Aviation Institute

80 Mawiomi Place

Dartmouth, NS B2Y 0A5

(902) 491-1100

Communication, general

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the comprehensive study of communication, and that spans the study of mass communication/media studies, old and new media technologies, social and political applications, and speech communication and rhetoric. These programs include courses in interpersonal, group, organizational, and intercultural communication; theories of communication; critical thinking, argumentation, and persuasion; written communication; printed, electronic, and digital media; rhetorical tradition and criticism; media, society, and culture; consequences and effects of mass media; media social science and criticism; and quantitative and qualitative methods of inquiry.

Institutions providing this program

Mount Saint Vincent University

166 Bedford Highway

Halifax, NS B3M 2J6

(902) 457-6117

Cape Breton University

PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road

Sydney, NS B1P 6L2

(888) 959-9995

Journalism - General

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the theory and practice of gathering, processing, and delivering news and that prepares individuals to be professional print journalists, news editors, and news managers. These programs include courses in news writing and editing; reporting; photojournalism; layout and graphic design; journalism law and policy; professional standards and ethics; research methods; and journalism history and criticism.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Office of the Registrar

Halifax, NS B3H 4R2

(902) 494-2450

University of King's College

6350 Coburg Road

Halifax, NS B3H 2A1

(902) 422-1271

Radio and television

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the theories, methods, and techniques used to plan, produce, and distribute audio and video programs and messages, and that prepares individuals to function as staff, producers, directors, and managers of radio and television shows and media organizations. These programs include courses in media aesthetics; planning, scheduling, and production; writing and editing; performing and directing; personnel and facilities management; marketing and distribution; media regulations, law, and policy; and principles of broadcast technology.

Institutions providing this program

Nova Scotia Community College - Waterfront Campus & Aviation Institute

80 Mawiomi Place

Dartmouth, NS B2Y 0A5

(902) 491-1100

Technical and scientific communication

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the communication of technical and scientific knowledge to a variety of audiences through print, video, and digital media; and that prepares individuals to function as technical writers and editors, documentation developers, web designers, and usability specialists. These programs include courses in scientific and technical writing and editing, graphic and information design, web design, audience analysis, document usability and field testing, publications management, and applications to specific technical fields.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Office of the Registrar

Halifax, NS B3H 4R2

(902) 494-2450

Mount Saint Vincent University

166 Bedford Highway

Halifax, NS B3M 2J6

(902) 457-6117

Employment requirements & contacts

No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile

Contacts

Canadian Association of Journalists
Box 745
Cornwall, ON K6H 5T5

Additional resources

There are no additional resources for this occupation.

Job postings

There are currently no job postings for this occupation.