Journalists

(NOC 5123)

in All Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport

Journalists research, investigate, interpret, and communicate news and public affairs through newspapers, television, radio, and other media. They may specialize in print or non-print media, in a geographic area, or issues like political affairs or entertainment news. Journalists work for radio and television networks and stations, newspapers and magazines and may also work on a freelance basis.

Job Outlook

Limited

Read more

  • Estimate Weak growth employment change, 2021-2023
  • Estimate 25 openings due to growth and retirements, 2021-2023
  • Estimate Moderate rate of unemployment in 2022

Compared to: All Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport

  • Estimate 840 employment change, 2021-2023
  • Estimate 1495 openings due to growth and retirements, 2021-2023
  • Estimate rate of unemployment not available for these occupation.

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “limited”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is below average when compared with other occupations in Nova Scotia. This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent and jobseekers may face competition. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow significantly over the next few years, which will provide additional opportunities for employment (yet overall job prospects are still considered limited). With a moderate percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to contribute somewhat to employment opportunities over the coming years. Journalists may either be working full-time or part-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs may either be permanent or temporary positions, as both are common.

Hourly Pay

N/A

Minimum

N/A

Median

N/A

Maximum

Annual Pay

$1,597

Minimum

$36,399

Median

$78,784

Maximum

Compared to: All Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport

Hourly Pay

$13.00

Minimum

$21.00

Median

$40.00

Maximum

Annual Pay

$945

Minimum

$11,712

Median

$60,447

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

Journalists research, investigate, interpret, and communicate news and public affairs through newspapers, television, radio, and other media. They may specialize in print or non-print media, in a geographic area, or issues like political affairs or entertainment news. Journalists work for radio and television networks and stations, newspapers and magazines and may also work on a freelance basis.

Job duties

Journalists:

  • Collect local, national, and international news through interviews, investigation, and observation.
  • Write news stories for publication and broadcast.
  • Receive, analyze, and verify news and other copy for accuracy.
  • Arrange for and conduct interviews as part of research and for radio and television programs.
  • Research and report on developments in specialized fields like medicine, science, and technology.
  • Prepare regular feature columns and stories on specialized topics.
  • Write editorials and commentaries on topics of current interest to stimulate public interest and express the views of a publication or broadcasting station.
  • Write critical reviews of literary, musical, and other artistic works based on knowledge, judgement, and experience.

Sample job titles

  • broadcast journalist
  • columnist
  • commentator
  • critic
  • investigative reporter
  • journalist
  • news correspondent
  • newspaper editorial writer
  • reporter
  • television news anchorperson

Skills

  • Journalists should be organized, resourceful, and creative. A critical mind, excellent writing ability, and language skills are also necessary. Keyboarding and word processing skills are a definite asset. Knowledge of French is strongly recommended.

Job requirements

  • A university degree or college diploma in journalism or a related field like communications is usually required.

Other considerations

  • Some people in these jobs work irregular hours, including evenings and weekends. Experienced reporters may advance to editorial positions (print media) or become producers (broadcast media).

By the numbers

Quick look

350

employed in 2016

68.6%

employed full-time

24.3%

self employed

47.1%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
52.9%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
39.6

median age

Compared to: All Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport

11,000

employed in 2016

53.3%

employed full-time

29.3%

self employed

55.6%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
44.4%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
38.2

median age

Where will I likely work?

61.4%

Halifax

$46,395 median annual income
11.4%

Cape Breton

$29,582 median annual income
11.4%

Southern

N/A
8.6%

North Shore

N/A
7.1%

Annapolis Valley

N/A

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

North Shore

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

70.7%

Information and cultural industries

13.8%

Arts, entertainment and recreation

5.2%

Professional, scientific and technical services

3.4%

Retail trade

3.4%

Educational services

What is the age of Employment?

31.0%

25-34

26.0%

35-44

17.0%

45-54

13.0%

55-64

7.0%

65+

6.0%

15-24

Compared to: All Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport

29.7%

15-24

15.9%

35-44

15.7%

45-54

15.4%

25-34

14.9%

55-64

Top levels of education

54.3%

Bachelor

$36,393 median annual income
17.1%

Master

$57,981 median annual income
11.4%

College Diploma

$41,637 median annual income
10.0%

High school

N/A
7.1%

Diploma Above Bachelor

N/A

Compared to: All Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport

26.4%

Bachelor

$17,829 median annual income
24.9%

High school

$7,552 median annual income
19.5%

College Diploma

$22,120 median annual income
13.7%

Less than high school

$2,922 median annual income
7.9%

Master

$36,173 median annual income

Education & training

Broadcast Journalism

College or University Program

These programs focus on the methods and techniques for reporting, producing, and delivering news and news programs via radio, television, and video/film media and prepares students to be professional broadcast journalists, editors, producers, directors, and managers. They include courses in the principles of broadcast technology, broadcast reporting, on- and off-camera and microphone procedures and techniques, program, sound, and video/film editing, program design and production, media law and policy, and professional standards and ethics.

Institutions providing this program

Nova Scotia Community College

Various, NS

Communications and Media Studies

College or University Program

These programs focus on the study of communications mass communication/media studies, old and new media technologies, social and political applications, and speech communication and rhetoric. They include courses in interpersonal, group, organizational, and intercultural communication, theories of communication, critical thinking, argumentation, and persuasion, written communication, print, electronic, and digital media, rhetorical tradition and criticism, media, society, and culture, consequences and effects of mass media, media social science and criticism, and quantitative and qualitative methods of inquiry.

Institutions providing this program

Mount Saint Vincent University

Halifax, NS

Cape Breton University

Sydney, NS

Journalism

College or University Program

These programs focus on the theory and practice of gathering, processing, and delivering news and that prepares students to be professional print journalists, news editors, and news managers. They include courses in news writing and editing, reporting, photojournalism, layout and graphic design, journalism law and policy, professional standards and ethics, research methods, and journalism history and criticism.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

University of King's College

Halifax, NS

Radio and Television

College or University Program

These programs focus on the theories, methods, and techniques used to plan, produce, and distribute audio and video programs and messages and prepares students to function as staff, producers, directors, and managers of radio and television shows and media organizations. They include courses in media aesthetics, planning, scheduling, and production, writing and editing, performing and directing, personnel and facilities management, marketing and distribution, media regulations, law, and policy, and principles of broadcast technology.

Institutions providing this program

Nova Scotia Community College

Various, NS

Technical and Scientific Communication

College or University Program

These programs focus on communicating technical and scientific knowledge to a variety of audiences through print, video, and digital media and prepares students to function as technical writers and editors, documentation developers, web designers, and usability specialists. They include courses in scientific and technical writing and editing, graphic and information design, web design, audience analysis, document usability and field testing, publications management, and applications to specific technical fields.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

Mount Saint Vincent University

Halifax, NS

Employment requirements & contacts

No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile

Contacts

Canadian Association of Journalists
Toronto, ON

Additional resources

There are no additional resources for this occupation.