Conservation and Fisheries Officers

(NOC 2224)

in All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

This group includes conservation and fishery officers, inspectors and observers who enforce federal and provincial regulations established for the protection of fish, wildlife and other natural resources and collect and relay information on resource management. They are employed by federal and provincial government departments.

Job Outlook

Undetermined

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  • Estimate change in employment not available for this occupation.
  • Estimate openings due to growth and retirements not available for this occupation.
  • Estimate rate of unemployment not available for this occupation.

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

  • Estimate Strong growth employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 3095 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2016

This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Conservation and Fisheries Officers most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs may either be permanent or temporary positions, as both are common. With employment conditions being somewhat seasonal, periods of downtime or layoff throughout the year affect some workers.

The median employment income for 62% of Conservation and Fisheries Officers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $71,535. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

$16.25

Minimum

$30.00

Median

$38.94

Maximum

Annual Pay

$10,650

Minimum

$67,895

Median

$82,625

Maximum

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

Hourly Pay

$17.69

Minimum

$31.35

Median

$47.18

Maximum

Annual Pay

$13,568

Minimum

$60,422

Median

$107,009

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

This group includes conservation and fishery officers, inspectors and observers who enforce federal and provincial regulations established for the protection of fish, wildlife and other natural resources and collect and relay information on resource management. They are employed by federal and provincial government departments.

Job duties

Conservation and fishery officers, inspectors and observers perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Generate public awareness of fish and wildlife conservation and regulations.
  • Conduct patrols by truck, aircraft, boat, or on foot, to ensure compliance with the provincial and federal statutes relating to fish, wildlife and the environment.
  • Investigate complaints, arrest violators, prepare briefs, and present evidence in court.
  • Issue licences, export documents and special permits and collect royalties assessed on fish, wildlife and timber resources.
  • Implement and supervise approved techniques in preventing or overcoming damage caused by wildlife.
  • Perform resource protection duties, such as inspecting fishing gear and equipment and monitoring fishing activities for compliance with regulations.
  • Gather resource data by making inventories of fish, collecting water samples and assisting biologists in scientific research.
  • Supervise or provide firearms safety training courses and trapper education courses.

Sample job titles

  • conservation officer
  • fish and game warden
  • fisheries inspector
  • fisheries officer
  • forest ranger - wildlife management
  • game officer
  • game warden
  • natural resources officer
  • park ranger

Skills

Strong oral and written communication skills are needed to prepare briefs and present evidence in court and in speaking to the public. You need to be methodical in investigating complaints and compiling field and resource data. Explaining regulations and confronting or arresting violators requires confidence and the ability to be assertive. You may be required to provide or supervise safety training courses and must be able to operate vehicles such as trucks, aircraft, or boats.

Job requirements

  • Completion of a college program in renewable resources management, environmental conservation or a related discipline is usually required.
  • On-the-job training and courses related to law enforcement and resource management are provided.
  • A class-5 driver's licence, pesticide applicator's licence and explosives licence may be required.

Other considerations

Resource conservation and environmental concerns may help to generate job opportunities for people in these jobs. People in these jobs usually work regular hours; however, irregular hours may be required to follow through on an experiment or fieldwork. Progression to senior and supervisory positions is possible with experience.

By the numbers

Quick look

285

employed in 2016

89.4%

employed full-time

0.0%

self employed

23.9%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
76.1%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
49.2

median age

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

25,875

employed in 2016

93.6%

employed full-time

6.9%

self employed

20.0%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
80%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
42.8

median age

Where will I likely work?

29.9%

Southern

25.4%

Halifax

23.9%

Cape Breton

14.9%

Northern

6.0%

Annapolis Valley

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

Northern

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

77.6%

Public Administration

5.2%

Information, Culture & Recreation

5.2%

Other Services

5.2%

Fishing

3.4%

Transportation and Warehousing

What is the age of Employment?

30.7%

55-64

23.6%

45-54

22.0%

35-44

15.7%

25-34

4.7%

65+

3.9%

15-24

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

32.5%

35-44

32.0%

45-54

18.0%

55-64

13.5%

25-34

3.5%

65+

Top levels of education

42.4%

College certificate or diploma

$52,177 median annual income
21.2%

High school

N/A
21.2%

Bachelor's degree

N/A
6.1%

Doctorate

N/A
3.0%

Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry

N/A

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

33.7%

College certificate or diploma

$52,476 median annual income
29.7%

Bachelor's degree

$58,011 median annual income
12.1%

High school

$35,125 median annual income
9.7%

Master's degree

$37,706 median annual income
6.8%

Trades certificate

$54,923 median annual income

Education & training

Environmental engineering technology/environmental technology

This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to apply basic engineering principles and technical skills in support of engineers and other professionals engaged in developing and using indoor and outdoor environmental pollution control systems. These programs include courses in environmental safety principles, testing and sampling procedures, laboratory techniques, instrumentation calibration, safety and protection procedures, equipment maintenance, and report preparation.

Institutions providing this program

Maritime Environmental Training Institute

301 Alexandra Street

Sydney, NS B1S 2E8

(902) 539-9766

Nova Scotia Community College - Lunenburg Campus

75 High Street

Bridgewater, NS B4V 1V8

(902) 543-4608

Nova Scotia Community College - Strait Area Campus & Nautical Institute

226 Reeves Street

Port Hawkesbury, NS B9A 2A2

(902) 625-2380

Nova Scotia Community College - Waterfront Campus & Aviation Institute

80 Mawiomi Place

Dartmouth, NS B2Y 0A5

(902) 491-1100

Environmental science

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the application of biological, chemical, and physical principles to the study of the physical environment and the solution of environmental problems, including subjects such as abating or controlling environmental pollution and degradation; the interaction between human society and the natural environment; and natural resources management. These programs include courses in biology, chemistry, physics, geosciences, climatology, statistics, and mathematical modelling.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

15 University Avenue

Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6

(902) 542-2201

St. Francis Xavier University

PO Box 5000

Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5

(902) 867-2219

Saint Mary's University

923 Robie Street

Halifax, NS B3H 3C3

(902) 420-5400

Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture

PO Box 550

Truro, NS B2N 5E3

(902) 893-6600

Environmental studies

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on environment-related issues using scientific, social scientific, and/or humanistic approaches. These programs include courses in the basic principles of ecology and environmental science and related subjects such as policy, politics, law, economics, social aspects, planning, pollution control, natural resources, and the interactions of human beings and nature.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

15 University Avenue

Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6

(902) 542-2201

Dalhousie University

Office of the Registrar

Halifax, NS B3H 4R2

(902) 494-2450

University of King's College

6350 Coburg Road

Halifax, NS B3H 2A1

(902) 422-1271

Saint Mary's University

923 Robie Street

Halifax, NS B3H 3C3

(902) 420-5400

Cape Breton University

PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road

Sydney, NS B1P 6L2

(888) 959-9995

Fishing and fisheries sciences and management

This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the scientific study of the husbandry and production of non-domesticated fish and shellfish populations for recreational and commercial purposes and the management of fishing and marine/aquatic product processing to ensure adequate conservation and efficient utilization. These programs include courses in the principles of marine/aquatic biology, freshwater and saltwater ecosystems, water resources, fishing production operations and management, fishing policy and regulation, and the management of recreational and commercial fishing activities.

Institutions providing this program

Nova Scotia Community College - Shelburne Campus

PO Box 760, 1575 Lake Road

Shelburne, NS B0T 1W0

(902) 875-8640

Land use planning and management/development

This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on how public and/or private land and associated resources can be preserved, developed, and used for maximum social, economic, and environmental benefit. These programs include courses in natural resources management, natural resource economics, public policy, regional and land use planning, environmental impact assessment, applicable laws and regulations, government and politics, principles of business and real estate land use, statistical and analytical tools, computer applications, mapping and report preparation, site analysis, cost analysis, and communications skills.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Office of the Registrar

Halifax, NS B3H 4R2

(902) 494-2450

Natural resources management and policy - General

This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to plan, develop, manage, and evaluate programs to protect and regulate natural habitats and renewable natural resources. These programs include courses in the principles of wildlife and conservation biology, environmental science, animal population surveying, natural resource economics, management techniques for various habitats, applicable law and policy, administrative and communications skills, and public relations.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Office of the Registrar

Halifax, NS B3H 4R2

(902) 494-2450

Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture

PO Box 550

Truro, NS B2N 5E3

(902) 893-6600

Water, wetlands and marine resources management

This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to apply the principles of marine/aquatic biology, oceanography, natural resource economics, and natural resources management to the development, conservation, and management of freshwater and saltwater environments. These programs include courses in subjects such as wetlands, riverine, lacustrian, coastal, and oceanic water resources; water conservation and use; flood control; pollution control; water supply logistics; wastewater management; aquatic and marine ecology; aquatic and marine life conservation; and the economic and recreational uses of water resources.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Office of the Registrar

Halifax, NS B3H 4R2

(902) 494-2450

St. Francis Xavier University

PO Box 5000

Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5

(902) 867-2219

Employment requirements & contacts

No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile

Contacts

Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Communications Branch
PO Box 1035
Dartmouth, NS B2Y 4T3
Tel: (902) 426-3550
Maritime College of Forest Technology
1350 Regent Street
Fredericton, NB E3C 2G6
Tel: (866) 619-9900
Fax: (506) 458-0679

Additional resources

There are no additional resources for this occupation.

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