Elementary and Secondary School Principals and Administrators

(NOC 0422)

in All Management

School principals plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the activities of teachers and other staff of an elementary or secondary school. They are employed by public and private schools. Administrators of elementary and secondary education plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the academic affairs of a school system. They are employed by school boards.

Job Outlook

Average

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  • Estimate decline employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 70 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2016

Compared to: All Management

  • Estimate Decline employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 2775 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2016

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a moderate sized occupation in Nova Scotia so some job opportunities may occur through turnover. The number employed in this occupation is expected to decline moderately over the next few years, which will likely limit the number of new opportunities available. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Elementary and Secondary School Principals and Administrators most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions.

The median employment income for 77% of Elementary and Secondary School Principals and Administrators who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $94,401. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

$31.43

Minimum

$44.23

Median

$53.85

Maximum

Annual Pay

$38,882

Minimum

$93,445

Median

$109,391

Maximum

Compared to: All Management

Hourly Pay

$15.77

Minimum

$34.97

Median

$57.69

Maximum

Annual Pay

$10,632

Minimum

$55,002

Median

$124,014

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

School principals plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the activities of teachers and other staff of an elementary or secondary school. They are employed by public and private schools. Administrators of elementary and secondary education plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the academic affairs of a school system. They are employed by school boards.

Job duties

School principals perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate, through department heads or supervisors, the activities of teachers and support staff.
  • Review programs to ensure conformance to school board or provincial standards and develop programs within limits of authority.
  • Coordinate teaching activities of the institution by making personnel assignments, determining class size and preparing timetables.
  • Organize and maintain procedures for the keeping of records.
  • Prepare and administer institution or program budget.
  • Direct and coordinate school maintenance services and the use of school facilities.
  • May recruit and hire teachers and other staff.
  • May teach.

Administrators of elementary and secondary education perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate, through school principals, the academic affairs of a school district.
  • Evaluate curriculum, teaching methods and community participation in programs for a school district and revise programs as required.
  • Develop and administer programs for the education and training of students and adults.
  • Make recommendations concerning the annual operating budget of a school district.
  • Direct or supervise the recruitment, appointment, training, evaluation and promotion of teaching personnel.

Sample job titles

  • assistant school district superintendent
  • board of education administrator
  • chief superintendent - schools
  • headmaster/mistress - private school
  • principal
  • school board administrator
  • school district superintendent
  • school principal
  • school vice-principal

Skills

To work in these fields, you need determination, confidence, and good managerial skills. You must have the ability to organize, negotiate, motivate, and communicate. You must be able to work well under pressure and make difficult decisions quickly. Good judgement and leadership skills are essential. You should also be capable of cooperating and collaborating with others.

Job requirements

  • A bachelor's degree in education is required.
  • A master's degree in education may be required.
  • A teacher's certificate for the province of employment is required.
  • School principals may require a principal's certificate.
  • Administrators of elementary and secondary education may require a supervisory officer certificate.

Other considerations

Several years of experience as a senior teacher or department head are required. There is little mobility between institutional settings, for example, between elementary and secondary schools.

By the numbers

Quick look

825

employed in 2016

93.7%

employed full-time

0.0%

self employed

53.9%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
46.1%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
49

median age

Compared to: All Management

44,250

employed in 2016

93.3%

employed full-time

18.6%

self employed

40.5%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
59.5%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
48.7

median age

Where will I likely work?

44.4%

Halifax

19.7%

Northern

15.7%

Cape Breton

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

6.7%

Southern

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

Northern

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

100.0%

Educational Services

What is the age of Employment?

55.8%

45-54

23.2%

35-44

14.7%

55-64

4.2%

25-34

Compared to: All Management

31.8%

45-54

23.8%

35-44

22.6%

55-64

13.2%

25-34

6.2%

65+

Top levels of education

80.2%

Doctorate

$154,113 median annual income
12.4%

Bachelor's degree

$65,486 median annual income
2.3%

Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry

N/A
1.7%

College certificate or diploma

$62,320 median annual income
1.7%

University advanced certificate or diploma

N/A

Compared to: All Management

27.7%

Bachelor's degree

$66,107 median annual income
23.5%

High school

$37,496 median annual income
20.6%

College certificate or diploma

$45,432 median annual income
9.2%

Master's degree

$81,234 median annual income
7.0%

Trades certificate

$41,701 median annual income

Education & training

Curriculum and instruction

This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the curriculum and related instructional processes and tools, and that prepares individuals to serve as professional curriculum specialists. These programs include courses in curriculum theory, curriculum design and planning, instructional material design and evaluation, curriculum evaluation, and applications to specific subject matter, programs or educational levels.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

15 University Avenue

Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6

(902) 542-2201

Mount Saint Vincent University

166 Bedford Highway

Halifax, NS B3M 2J6

(902) 457-6117

Cape Breton University

PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road

Sydney, NS B1P 6L2

(888) 959-9995

Educational leadership and administration - General

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the general principles and techniques of administering a wide variety of schools and other educational organizations and facilities, supervising educational personnel at the school or staff level, and that prepares individuals as general administrators and supervisors.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

15 University Avenue

Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6

(902) 542-2201

Elementary education and teaching

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to teach students in the elementary grades, which may include kindergarten through grade eight, depending on the school system and applicable regulations. Includes preparation to teach all elementary education subject matter.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

15 University Avenue

Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6

(902) 542-2201

Mount Saint Vincent University

166 Bedford Highway

Halifax, NS B3M 2J6

(902) 457-6117

Universite Sainte-Anne

Siège Social: 1695, Route 1

Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0

(902) 769-2114

St. Francis Xavier University

PO Box 5000

Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5

(902) 867-2219

Cape Breton University

PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road

Sydney, NS B1P 6L2

(888) 959-9995

Secondary education and teaching

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to teach students in the secondary grades, which may include grades seven through twelve, depending on the school system and applicable regulations. May include preparation to teach a comprehensive curriculum or specific subject matter.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

15 University Avenue

Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6

(902) 542-2201

Mount Saint Vincent University

166 Bedford Highway

Halifax, NS B3M 2J6

(902) 457-6117

Universite Sainte-Anne

Siège Social: 1695, Route 1

Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0

(902) 769-2114

St. Francis Xavier University

PO Box 5000

Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5

(902) 867-2219

Cape Breton University

PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road

Sydney, NS B1P 6L2

(888) 959-9995

Special education and teaching - General

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the design and provision of teaching and other educational services to children or adults with special learning needs or disabilities, and that prepares individuals to function as special education teachers. These programs include courses in diagnosing learning disabilities, developing individual education plans, teaching and supervising special education students, special education counselling, and applicable laws and policies.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

15 University Avenue

Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6

(902) 542-2201

Employment requirements & contacts

No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile

Contacts

Canadian Institute of Management - Maritimes
PO Box 463
Port Williams, NS B0P 1T0
Tel: (902) 670-0746 

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