Wages and Benefits
The median hourly wage for employees at the national level grew 0.8% in 2014 and grew by 4.7% in Nova Scotia. The average annual growth in median wages between 2009 and 2014 was 3.1% for Nova Scotia compared to 1.8% for Canada. The median wage for the service-producing sector in the province had a higher growth rate (4.2%) than the goods-producing sector (1.1%) in 2014 compared to 2013. Whereas, the five-year average growth rate in median hourly wages was slightly higher for the goods-producing sector. The median hourly wage for males grew 4.0% in 2014, which was slightly less than the growth observed for females (+4.7%). In addition, median hourly wages for females have grown at a faster pace on average in the last five years (+3.1%) compared to that for males (+2.3%). Median hourly wages for full-time employment increased by 3.7%, a rate higher than the 2.1% increase observed for part-time median hourly wages in 2014 compared to 2013.
Wages by Province
Nova Scotia had the highest median hourly wage growth (4.7%) in 2014 compared to 2013 of all ten provinces while Quebec the lowest (0.0%). However, Nova Scotia continued to have the third lowest median hourly wage among the ten provinces at $18.85 per hour. Only New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island have a lower median hourly wage than Nova Scotia. Alberta ($25.00 per hour) continued to have the highest median wage rate.
Nova Scotia’s median hourly wage for unionized employees ($24.52) was $8.52 higher than for non-unionized employees ($16.00) in 2014. The province’s median hourly wage growth for unionized and non-unionized wages was 2.2% and 4.0%, respectively. The median hourly wage for non-unionized employees in 2014 compared to 2013 increased faster than that of unionized employees in most provinces, with the exception of Saskatchewan and Alberta. Newfoundland and Labrador had the highest growth in median hourly wages for both unionized employees (5.2%) and non- unionized employees (5.3%) in 2014 compared to 2013.