Electrical and Electronics Engineers

(NOC 2133)

in All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

Electrical and electronics engineers design, plan, research, evaluate and test electrical and electronic equipment and systems. They work for electrical utilities, communications companies, manufacturers of electrical and electronic equipment, consulting firms, and by a wide range of manufacturing, processing and transportation industries and government. Electrical and electronics engineers may specialize in areas including electrical design for residential, commercial, or industrial installations, electrical power generation and transmission, and instrumentation and control systems.

Job Outlook

Average

Read more

  • Estimate Stable employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 20 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2019

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

  • Estimate 705 employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 2585 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate rate of unemployment not available for these occupation.

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a moderate sized occupation in Nova Scotia so some job opportunities may occur through turnover. The number employed in this occupation is expected to remain largely the same over the next few years. With a moderate percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to contribute somewhat to employment opportunities over the coming years. Electrical and Electronics Engineers most commonly work full-time hours.

The median employment income for 72% of Electrical and Electronics Engineers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $83,722. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

$23.08

Minimum

$35.10

Median

$52.82

Maximum

Annual Pay

$21,977

Minimum

$79,975

Median

$118,243

Maximum

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

Hourly Pay

$18.00

Minimum

$37.80

Median

$48.46

Maximum

Annual Pay

$13,568

Minimum

$60,422

Median

$107,009

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

Electrical and electronics engineers design, plan, research, evaluate and test electrical and electronic equipment and systems. They work for electrical utilities, communications companies, manufacturers of electrical and electronic equipment, consulting firms, and by a wide range of manufacturing, processing and transportation industries and government. Electrical and electronics engineers may specialize in areas including electrical design for residential, commercial, or industrial installations, electrical power generation and transmission, and instrumentation and control systems.

Job duties

Electrical and electronics engineers:

  • Research the feasibility, design, operation and performance of electrical generation and distribution networks, electrical machinery and components and electronic communications, instrumentation and control systems, equipment, and components.
  • Prepare material cost and timing estimates, reports and design specifications for electrical and electronic systems and equipment.
  • Design electrical and electronic circuits, components, systems, and equipment.
  • Carry out simulations, characterization, process modeling and integration in the development of new electronic devices and products.
  • Supervise and inspect the installation, modification, testing and operation of electrical and electronic systems and equipment.
  • Develop maintenance and operating standards for electrical and electronic systems and equipment.
  • Investigate electrical or electronic failures.
  • Prepare contract documents and evaluate tenders for construction or maintenance.
  • Supervise technicians, technologists, programmers, analysts, and other engineers.

Sample job titles

  • avionics engineer
  • control systems engineer
  • electrical and electronics research engineer
  • electrical engineer
  • electrical power systems design engineer
  • electrical systems engineer
  • electronics engineer
  • electronics test engineer
  • instrumentation and control engineer

Skills

You should be interested in the design and operation of electrical systems and equipment. The ability to communicate and cooperate with others is important, as engineers often work in teams. You should enjoy problem-solving and be able to think analytically and logically. Computer skills would also be helpful.

Job requirements

  • A bachelor's degree in electrical or electronics engineering or in an appropriate related engineering discipline.
  • A master's or doctoral degree in a related engineering discipline may be required.
  • Licensing by a provincial association of professional engineers is required to approve engineering drawings and reports and to practice as a Professional Engineer (P.Eng.).
  • Engineers are eligible for registration following graduation from an accredited educational program, and after three or four years of supervised work experience in engineering and passing a professional practice examination.
  • Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification is offered by the Canada Green Building Council and may be required by some employers.

Other considerations

The growing use of telecommunication, multi-media, and other electronic equipment in homes, businesses, and manufacturing facilities will help generate job opportunities for people with the appropriate electrical and electronics engineering skills. It is important that workers keep up to date with changing technology. Supervisory and senior positions in this group require experience. Engineers often work in a multidisciplinary environment and gain knowledge and skills through work experience that may allow them to practice in associated areas of science, engineering, sales, marketing, or management.

By the numbers

Quick look

720

employed in 2016

92.4%

employed full-time

9.0%

self employed

9.0%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
91%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
42.7

median age

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

25,875

employed in 2016

91.5%

employed full-time

7.6%

self employed

20.0%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
80%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
42.8

median age

Where will I likely work?

80.6%

Halifax

6.9%

North Shore

6.9%

Annapolis Valley

3.5%

Cape Breton

2.1%

Southern

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

North Shore

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

35.2%

Professional, scientific and technical services

17.2%

Manufacturing

11.7%

Utilities

10.2%

Public administration

6.3%

Information and cultural industries

What is the age of Employment?

27.0%

25-34

24.0%

45-54

22.0%

35-44

16.0%

55-64

7.0%

65+

4.0%

15-24

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

24.2%

25-34

23.5%

45-54

23.4%

35-44

16.4%

55-64

7.7%

15-24

Top levels of education

57.6%

Bachelor

$78,977 median annual income
15.3%

Master

$93,917 median annual income
14.6%

College Diploma

$73,547 median annual income
4.2%

Diploma Above Bachelor

N/A
3.5%

Apprenticeship

N/A

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

33.1%

College Diploma

$59,986 median annual income
29.8%

Bachelor

$63,965 median annual income
11.9%

High school

$45,835 median annual income
9.9%

Master

$65,105 median annual income
6.9%

Apprenticeship

$57,773 median annual income

Education & training

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering

University Program

These programs prepare students to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, development and operational evaluation of electrical, electronic and related communications systems and their components, including electrical power generation systems; and the analysis of problems such as superconductor, wave propagation, energy storage and retrieval, and reception and amplification.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

Engineering - General

University Program

These programs prepare individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to solve a wide variety of practical problems in industry, social organization, public works, and commerce.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

Wolfville, NS

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

St. Francis Xavier University

Antigonish, NS

Saint Mary's University

Halifax, NS

Cape Breton University

Sydney, NS

Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture

Truro, NS

Marine Sciences

College or University Program

These programs focus on the study of biology, chemistry, geology and physics applied to marine, estuarine and coastal environments. They include courses in marine biogeochemistry, atmosphere and ocean dynamics, coastal ecology, coastal ocean processes, microbial ecology, marine ecosystem modeling, and polar microbiology.

Institutions providing this program

Nova Scotia Community College - Ivany Campus

Dartmouth, NS

Mathematics

College or University Program

These programs focus on the analysis of quantities, magnitudes, forms, and their relationships, using symbolic logic and language. They include courses in algebra, calculus, functional analysis, geometry, number theory, logic, topology and other mathematical specializations.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

University of King's College

Halifax, NS

Mount Saint Vincent University

Halifax, NS

St. Francis Xavier University

Antigonish, NS

Saint Mary's University

Halifax, NS

Cape Breton University

Sydney, NS

Physical Sciences

College or University Program

These programs focus on the major topics, concepts, processes, and interrelationships of physical phenomena as studied in any combination of physical science disciplines.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

Saint Mary's University

Halifax, NS

Employment requirements & contacts

Regulations

Professional Engineer

Right to Title and Practice: This job is regulated. The job title is protected, and you may not use it without a professional licence. A licence shows that the holder has met provincial requirements and is required to legally do this work.

Regulating body:
Engineers Nova Scotia
1355 Barrington Street
Halifax, NS B3J 1Y9
(888) 802-7367
(902) 423-9769

Contacts

Consulting Engineers of Nova Scotia
Dartmouth, NS
Association of Consulting Engineering Companies Canada
Ottawa, ON

Additional resources