Meteorologists and Climatologists

(NOC 2114)

in All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

Meteorologists and climatologists study and forecast weather, consult on atmospheric phenomena and research the physics, chemistry and dynamics of weather, climate and atmosphere. They work for all levels of government, natural resources and utility companies, the media and private consulting firms, or they may be self-employed.

Job Outlook

Undetermined

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  • Estimate change in employment not available for this occupation.
  • Estimate openings due to growth and retirements not available for this occupation.
  • Estimate rate of unemployment not available for this occupation.

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

  • Estimate 705 employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 2585 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate rate of unemployment not available for these occupation.

This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Meteorologists and Climatologists most commonly work full-time hours.

The median employment income for 75% of Meteorologists and Climatologists who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $94,228. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

N/A

Minimum

N/A

Median

N/A

Maximum

Annual Pay

N/A

Minimum

$90,416

Median

N/A

Maximum

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

Hourly Pay

$18.00

Minimum

$37.80

Median

$48.46

Maximum

Annual Pay

$13,568

Minimum

$60,422

Median

$107,009

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

Meteorologists and climatologists study and forecast weather, consult on atmospheric phenomena and research the physics, chemistry and dynamics of weather, climate and atmosphere. They work for all levels of government, natural resources and utility companies, the media and private consulting firms, or they may be self-employed.

Job duties

Meteorologists and climatologists:

  • Analyze and interpret data from meteorological stations, radar and satellite imagery and computer model output.
  • Provide weather consulting services for industries like aviation, marine, agriculture and tourism, and to the public.
  • Produce weather forecasts and reports and share with the public through media including radio, television, print and the Internet.
  • Conduct research and consult on the processes and determinants of atmospheric phenomena, weather and climate, atmospheric dispersion, and physical and chemical transformation of pollutants.
  • Develop and test mathematical computer models of weather and climate.
  • Analyze the effect of industrial projects and human activity on the climate and quality of the air and work with the social science, engineering, and economic communities to develop mitigation strategies.
  • Study the effect of weather on the environment.
  • Consult with and advise outside agencies, professionals, or researchers on the use and interpretation of climatological information.
  • Make scientific presentations, publish reports, articles or popular texts for specialists or the public.
  • May engage in the design and development of new equipment and procedures for meteorological data collection, remote sensing, or for related applications.

Sample job titles

  • agricultural meteorologist
  • air quality meteorologist
  • climatologist
  • hydrometeorologist
  • industrial meteorologist
  • meteorologist
  • weather forecaster

Skills

The work of these individuals is detailed and precise, and often demands close concentration for long periods of time. Good judgement, initiative, and the ability to handle stressful situations are needed. You must be able to meet deadlines and communicate effectively, both orally and in writing, to supply information to users. Computer skills would be helpful.

Job requirements

  • A bachelor's or master's degree in meteorology, atmospheric sciences or in a related field.
  • A doctoral degree is usually required for employment as a research scientist in meteorology.
  • Formal training is provided by Environment Canada for operational meteorologists employed by the federal government.
  • Membership in the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society available, but voluntary, for qualified meteorologists.

Other considerations

Most meteorologists are stationed in urban centres and work in an office setting. Applied meteorologists at weather centres often work rotating shifts that include night shifts and sometimes work alone. Weather broadcasters often work evening shifts and may work long hours during weather-related emergencies.

By the numbers

Quick look

100

employed in 2016

100.0%

employed full-time

10.0%

self employed

20.0%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
80%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
48.1

median age

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

25,875

employed in 2016

91.5%

employed full-time

7.6%

self employed

20.0%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
80%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
42.8

median age

Where will I likely work?

90.0%

Halifax

10.0%

Annapolis Valley

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

North Shore

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

68.4%

Public administration

21.1%

Professional, scientific and technical services

10.5%

Information and cultural industries

What is the age of Employment?

32.0%

55-64

26.0%

35-44

21.0%

45-54

11.0%

65+

11.0%

25-34

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

24.2%

25-34

23.5%

45-54

23.4%

35-44

16.4%

55-64

7.7%

15-24

Top levels of education

40.0%

Diploma Above Bachelor

$100,712 median annual income
35.0%

Master

$74,874 median annual income
10.0%

High school

N/A
10.0%

Bachelor

N/A
10.0%

Diploma Below Bachelor

N/A

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

33.1%

College Diploma

$59,986 median annual income
29.8%

Bachelor

$63,965 median annual income
11.9%

High school

$45,835 median annual income
9.9%

Master

$65,105 median annual income
6.9%

Trade Certification

$57,773 median annual income

Education & training

Meteorology

College or University Program

These programs on the scientific study of the prediction of atmospheric motion and climate change. They include courses in general circulation patterns, weather phenomena, atmospheric predictability, parameterization, numerical and statistical analysis, large-scale and meso-scale phenomena, kinematic structures, precipitation processes, and forecasting techniques.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

Employment requirements & contacts

No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile

Contacts

Environment and Climate Change Canada
Dartmouth, NS
Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
Ottawa, ON

Additional resources

There are no additional resources for this occupation.