Meteorologists and Climatologists

(NOC 2114)

in All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

Meteorologists and climatologists analyze and forecast weather, provide consultation on atmospheric phenomena and conduct research into the processes and phenomena of weather, climate and atmosphere. They are employed by all levels of government, natural resources and utility companies, the media and private consulting firms, or they may be self-employed.

Job Outlook

Undetermined

Read more

  • Estimate change in employment not available for this occupation.
  • Estimate openings due to growth and retirements not available for this occupation.
  • Estimate rate of unemployment not available for this occupation.

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

  • Estimate Strong growth employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 3095 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2016

This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Meteorologists and Climatologists most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions.

The median employment income for 68% of Meteorologists and Climatologists who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $94,228. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

N/A

Minimum

N/A

Median

N/A

Maximum

Annual Pay

N/A

Minimum

$90,416

Median

N/A

Maximum

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

Hourly Pay

$17.69

Minimum

$31.35

Median

$47.18

Maximum

Annual Pay

$13,568

Minimum

$60,422

Median

$107,009

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

Meteorologists and climatologists analyze and forecast weather, provide consultation on atmospheric phenomena and conduct research into the processes and phenomena of weather, climate and atmosphere. They are employed by all levels of government, natural resources and utility companies, the media and private consulting firms, or they may be self-employed.

Job duties

Meteorologists and climatologists perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Analyze and interpret data obtained from meteorological stations, radar and satellite imagery and computer model output.
  • Produce weather forecasts and provide weather consulting services for industries such as aviation, marine, agriculture and tourism, and to the general public.
  • Disseminate weather forecasts and reports to the general public through a variety of media including radio, television, print and the Internet.
  • Conduct research and provide consultation on the processes and determinants of atmospheric phenomena, weather and climate, atmospheric dispersion, and physical and chemical transformation of pollutants.
  • Develop and test mathematical computer models of weather and climate for experimental or operational use.
  • Analyze the impact of industrial projects and human activity on the climate and quality of the air and work with the social science, engineering and economic communities to develop appropriate mitigation strategies.
  • Participate in studies of the effect of weather on the environment.
  • Provide consultation and advice to outside agencies, professionals, or researchers regarding the use and interpretation of climatological information.
  • Make scientific presentations, publish reports, articles or popular texts for specialists, users or the general public.
  • May engage in the design and development of new equipment and procedures for meteorological data collection, remote sensing, or for related applications.

Sample job titles

  • agricultural meteorologist
  • air quality meteorologist
  • climatologist
  • hydrometeorologist
  • industrial meteorologist
  • meteorologist
  • weather forecaster

Skills

The work of these individuals is detailed and precise, and often demands close concentration for long periods of time. Good judgement, initiative, and the ability to handle stressful situations are needed. You must be able to meet deadlines and communicate effectively, both orally and in writing, to supply information to users. Computer skills would be helpful.

Job requirements

  • A bachelor's or master's degree in meteorology, atmospheric sciences or in a related field is required.
  • A doctoral degree is usually required for employment as a research scientist in meteorology.
  • Formal training is provided by Environment Canada for operational meteorologists employed by the federal government.
  • Membership in the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society available, but voluntary, for qualified meteorologists.

Other considerations

None

By the numbers

Quick look

105

employed in 2016

94.7%

employed full-time

9.5%

self employed

25.0%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
75%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
48.1

median age

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

25,875

employed in 2016

93.6%

employed full-time

6.9%

self employed

20.0%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
80%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
42.8

median age

Where will I likely work?

90.0%

Halifax

10.0%

Annapolis Valley

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

Northern

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

65.0%

Public Administration

15.0%

Other Professional Services

10.0%

Professional Business Services

10.0%

Information, Culture & Recreation

What is the age of Employment?

33.3%

25-34

22.2%

55-64

22.2%

35-44

22.2%

45-54

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

32.5%

35-44

32.0%

45-54

18.0%

55-64

13.5%

25-34

3.5%

65+

Top levels of education

42.1%

Doctorate

$98,711 median annual income
31.6%

University advanced certificate or diploma

N/A
15.8%

High school

N/A
10.5%

Bachelor's degree

$53,819 median annual income

Compared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

33.7%

College certificate or diploma

$52,476 median annual income
29.7%

Bachelor's degree

$58,011 median annual income
12.1%

High school

$35,125 median annual income
9.7%

Master's degree

$37,706 median annual income
6.8%

Trades certificate

$54,923 median annual income

Education & training

Atmospheric sciences and meteorology - General

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the scientific study of the composition and behaviour of the atmospheric envelopes surrounding the earth, the effect of earth's atmosphere on terrestrial weather, and related problems of environment and climate. These programs include courses in atmospheric chemistry and physics, atmospheric dynamics, climatology and climate change, weather simulation, weather forecasting, climate modelling and mathematical theory; and studies of specific phenomena such as clouds, weather systems, storms, and precipitation patterns.

There are no schools in Nova Scotia offering this program.

Atmospheric sciences and meteorology - Other

This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program not listed above that relates to Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology.

There are no schools in Nova Scotia offering this program.

Meteorology

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the scientific study of the prediction of atmospheric motion and climate change. These programs include courses in general circulation patterns, weather phenomena, atmospheric predictability, parameterization, numerical and statistical analysis, large-scale and meso-scale phenomena, kinematic structures, precipitation processes, and forecasting techniques.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Office of the Registrar

Halifax, NS B3H 4R2

(902) 494-2450

University of King's College

6350 Coburg Road

Halifax, NS B3H 2A1

(902) 422-1271

Employment requirements & contacts

No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile

Contacts

Environment Canada
45 Alderney Drive
Dartmouth, NS B2Y 2N6
Tel: 902-426-7231
Fax: 902-426-6348
Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
PO Box 3211, Station D
Ottawa, ON K1P 6H7
Tel: (613) 990-0300
Fax: (613) 990-1617

Additional resources

There are no additional resources for this occupation.

Job postings

INTERMEDIATE AIR QUALITY ENGINEER OR SCIENTIST

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