Managers in Agriculture

(NOC 0821)

in All Management

Managers in agriculture plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the operations and functions of a farm, ranch or orchard. Many types of farming are seasonal in nature and every farm specializes in one or more areas, such as dairy, poultry, swine, beef, horses, sheep, fruit, vegetable, wheat, and other grain crops. Managers in this group usually own and operate their own establishment.

Job Outlook

Average

Read more

  • Estimate decline sharply employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 80 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2016

Compared to: All Management

  • Estimate Decline employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 2775 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2016

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a fairly large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities occur fairly regularly. The number employed in this occupation is expected to decline significantly over the next few years, which will limit the number of new opportunities available. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Managers in Agriculture most commonly work full-time hours. With employment conditions being somewhat seasonal, periods of downtime or layoff throughout the year affect some workers.

The median employment income for 66% of Managers in Agriculture who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $24,022. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

$11.00

Minimum

$17.00

Median

$35.10

Maximum

Annual Pay

N/A

Minimum

$12,883

Median

$59,125

Maximum

Compared to: All Management

Hourly Pay

$15.77

Minimum

$34.97

Median

$57.69

Maximum

Annual Pay

$10,632

Minimum

$55,002

Median

$124,014

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

Managers in agriculture plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the operations and functions of a farm, ranch or orchard. Many types of farming are seasonal in nature and every farm specializes in one or more areas, such as dairy, poultry, swine, beef, horses, sheep, fruit, vegetable, wheat, and other grain crops. Managers in this group usually own and operate their own establishment.

Job duties

Managers in agriculture perform some or all the following duties:

  • Manage the overall operations of a farm, ranch or orchard.
  • Determine the amount and kinds of crops to be grown and livestock to be raised.
  • Organize and coordinate planting, cultivating and crop harvesting activities; raising and breeding of livestock and poultry.
  • Hire and manage farm personnel.
  • Establish a marketing program.
  • Develop and keep financial and production records.
  • Purchase farm machinery, livestock, seed, feed and other supplies.
  • Maintain farm machinery, equipment and buildings.
  • Perform farming duties. // Managers in agriculture manage farms of various sizes which may specialize in particular crops such as wheat, apples or potatoes or raise particular livestock such as beef cattle, hogs or chickens.

Sample job titles

  • beekeeper
  • crop farmer
  • dairy farmer
  • farm manager
  • farmer
  • fruit grower
  • fur farmer
  • hog farmer
  • livestock farmer
  • poultry farm manager
  • vegetable grower
  • vineyard manager

Skills

For this type of work, you should be interested in farming and enjoy working outdoors. Physical stamina, patience, perseverance, and excellent observation skills are needed. You should be willing to try new processes and farming methods. The ability to adapt to constantly changing technologies is important for more efficient production. You must also be innovative and have good planning and problem-solving abilities. Mechanical aptitude is valuable.

Job requirements

  • A university degree or college diploma in agricultural management or other field related to crop or livestock production may be required.

Other considerations

Self-employment is the most common working arrangement. Over half of the people in this occupation work more than 50 hours per week. Because most of these people rely on the agriculture industry for their livelihood, job prospects and earnings are likely to vary from year to year. Employment in this occupation is highly seasonal. Although many farm operators and managers on crop farms work from sunup to sundown during the planting and harvesting seasons, they often work full-time on the farm only six to seven months a year, and many have second jobs off the farm. Extensive farming experience, obtained as a farm supervisor or specialized crop or livestock worker or by working on a farm, is usually required.

By the numbers

Quick look

2,020

employed in 2016

78.4%

employed full-time

72.3%

self employed

23.6%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
76.4%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
56.2

median age

Compared to: All Management

44,250

employed in 2016

93.3%

employed full-time

18.6%

self employed

40.5%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
59.5%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
48.7

median age

Where will I likely work?

36.9%

Annapolis Valley

36.3%

Northern

12.2%

Southern

7.1%

Cape Breton

7.1%

Halifax

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

Northern

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

94.8%

Agriculture

1.0%

Information, Culture & Recreation

0.7%

Forestry and Logging

0.5%

Food and Beverage Product Manufacturing

0.5%

Public Administration

What is the age of Employment?

25.7%

35-44

22.9%

55-64

20.0%

45-54

17.1%

25-34

11.4%

65+

2.9%

15-24

Compared to: All Management

31.8%

45-54

23.8%

35-44

22.6%

55-64

13.2%

25-34

6.2%

65+

Top levels of education

27.6%

High school

$17,589 median annual income
19.8%

College certificate or diploma

$12,823 median annual income
18.8%

Less than high school

$10,803 median annual income
15.1%

Bachelor's degree

$19,177 median annual income
12.0%

Trades certificate

$7,456 median annual income

Compared to: All Management

27.7%

Bachelor's degree

$66,107 median annual income
23.5%

High school

$37,496 median annual income
20.6%

College certificate or diploma

$45,432 median annual income
9.2%

Master's degree

$81,234 median annual income
7.0%

Trades certificate

$41,701 median annual income

Education & training

Agricultural business and management - General

This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on modern business and economic principles involved in the organization, operation, and management of agricultural enterprises.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture

PO Box 550

Truro, NS B2N 5E3

(902) 893-6600

Agricultural business technology

This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to perform specialized support functions related to agricultural business offices and operations and to operate agricultural office equipment, software, and information systems. These programs include courses in basic agricultural business principles, office management, equipment operation, standard software, and database management.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture

PO Box 550

Truro, NS B2N 5E3

(902) 893-6600

Agriculture - General

This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the general principles and practice of agricultural research and production and that prepares individuals to apply this knowledge to the solution of practical agricultural problems. These programs include courses in basic animal, plant, and soil science; animal husbandry and plant cultivation; soil conservation; and agricultural operations such as farming, ranching, and agricultural business.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture

PO Box 550

Truro, NS B2N 5E3

(902) 893-6600

Animal sciences - General

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the scientific principles that underlie the breeding and husbandry of agricultural animals, and the production, processing, and distribution of agricultural animal products. These programs include courses in the animal sciences, animal husbandry and production, and agricultural and food products processing.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture

PO Box 550

Truro, NS B2N 5E3

(902) 893-6600

Animal/livestock husbandry and production

This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to select, breed, care for, process, and market livestock and small farm animals. These programs include courses in basic animal science, animal nutrition, and animal health as applied to various species and breeds; design and operation of housing, feeding, and processing facilities; and related issues of safety, applicable regulations, logistics, and supply.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture

PO Box 550

Truro, NS B2N 5E3

(902) 893-6600

Crop production

This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to cultivate grain, fibre, forage, oilseed, fruits and nuts, vegetables, and other domesticated plant products. These programs include courses in basic principles of plant science, health, and nutrition as applied to particular species and breeds; soil preparation and irrigation; pest management; planting and harvesting operations; product marketing; and applicable issues of safety, regulation, logistics, and supply.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture

PO Box 550

Truro, NS B2N 5E3

(902) 893-6600

International agriculture

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the application of agricultural management and scientific principles to the problems of global food production and distribution, and to the study of the agricultural systems of other countries. These programs include courses in agricultural economics; comparative agricultural systems; international agribusiness and law; third-world development studies and economic development; and global applications of climate, soil, water resources, ecological and environmental studies, and animal and plant sciences.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture

PO Box 550

Truro, NS B2N 5E3

(902) 893-6600

Plant sciences - General

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the scientific principles that underlie the breeding, cultivation, and production of agricultural plants, and the production, processing, and distribution of agricultural plant products. These programs include courses in the plant sciences, crop cultivation and production, and agricultural and food products processing.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture

PO Box 550

Truro, NS B2N 5E3

(902) 893-6600

Soil science and agronomy - General

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that generally focuses on the scientific classification of soils, soil properties, and their relationship to agricultural crops. These programs include courses in soil chemistry, soil physics, soil biology, soil fertility, morphogenesis, mineralogy, hydrology, agronomy, and soil conservation and management.

There are no schools in Nova Scotia offering this program.

Employment requirements & contacts

No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile

Contacts

Nova Scotia Department of Agriculture
PO Box 2223
Halifax, NS B3J 3C4
Tel: (902) 424-4560
Fax: (902) 424-4671
Canadian Institute of Management - Maritimes
PO Box 463
Port Williams, NS B0P 1T0
Tel: (902) 670-0746 
Nova Scotia Federation of Agriculture
60 Research Drive, Perennia Innovation Park
Bible Hill, NS B3L 2R2
Tel: (902) 893-2293
Fax: (902) 893-7063
Agricultural Institute of Canada
Suite 320, 176 Gloucester Street
Ottawa, ON K2P 0A6
Tel: (613) 232-9459
Fax: (613) 594-5190

Additional resources

There are no additional resources for this occupation.

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