Hairstylists and Barbers

(NOC 6341)

in All Sales and Service

Hairstylists and barbers cut and style hair and perform related services. They work for hairstyling or hairdressing salons, barber shops, vocational schools, health care institutions and theatre, film and television companies.

Job Outlook

Average

Read more

  • Estimate Weak growth employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 160 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2019

Compared to: All Sales and Service

  • Estimate -505 employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 6125 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate rate of unemployment not available for these occupation.

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a fairly large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities occur fairly regularly. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow slightly over the next few years, which should provide some additional opportunities for employment. With a moderate percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to contribute somewhat to employment opportunities over the coming years. Hairstylists and Barbers may either be working full-time or part-time hours. Also, a fair portion of the workforce is self-employed, so having the option to "work for yourself" may appeal to some individuals’ interests/motivations.

The median employment income for 53% of Hairstylists and Barbers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $19,936. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

$12.95

Minimum

$13.11

Median

$18.75

Maximum

Annual Pay

$3,126

Minimum

$15,701

Median

$32,557

Maximum

Compared to: All Sales and Service

Hourly Pay

$12.55

Minimum

$18.36

Median

$22.50

Maximum

Annual Pay

$2,949

Minimum

$16,629

Median

$45,086

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

Hairstylists and barbers cut and style hair and perform related services. They work for hairstyling or hairdressing salons, barber shops, vocational schools, health care institutions and theatre, film and television companies.

Job duties

Hairstylists:

  • Suggest hair style compatible with client's physical features or determine style from client's instructions and preferences.
  • Cut, trim, taper, curl, wave, perm, and style hair.
  • Apply bleach, tints, dyes or rinses to colour, frost, or streak hair.
  • Analyze hair and scalp condition and provide basic treatment or advice on beauty care treatments for scalp and hair.
  • Clean and style wigs and hair pieces.
  • Apply hair extensions.
  • May shampoo and rinse hair.
  • May perform receptionist duties and order supplies.
  • May judge in competitions.
  • May train or supervise other hairstylists, hairstylist apprentices and helpers.

Barbers:

  • Cut and trim hair according to client's instructions or preferences.
  • Shave and trim beards and moustaches.
  • May shampoo hair and provide other hair treatment like waving, straightening, and tinting and may also provide scalp conditioning massages.
  • May book appointments and order supplies.
  • May train and supervise other barbers and barber apprentices.

Sample job titles

  • barber
  • beauty salon operator
  • hair colour technician
  • hair-care specialist
  • hairdresser
  • hairstyling specialist
  • hairstylist
  • hairstylist apprentice
  • wig stylist

Skills

You must have good manual dexterity, imagination, and creativity. Good communication, organization, and interpersonal skills are definite assets. You should be tactful, patient, and able to follow directions closely. You must be in good health. Business skills are a definite asset.

Job requirements

Hairstylists

  • Some high school education is required.
  • A two- or three-year hairstyling apprenticeship program or completion of a college or other program in hairstyling combined with on-the-job training is usually required.
  • Several years of experience may replace formal education and training.
  • Employers may require applicants to provide a hairstyling demonstration before being hired.
  • Trade certification for hairstylists is compulsory in Nova Scotia.
  • Red Seal Endorsement (RSE) is also available to qualified hairstylists upon successful completion of the interprovincial Red Seal examination.

Barbers

  • Some high school education is required.
  • A two-year apprenticeship or other barber program is usually required.
  • On-the-job training may be substituted for formal education.
  • Red Seal Endorsement (RSE) is also available to barbers, as qualified hairstylists, upon successful completion of the interprovincial Red Seal examination.

Other considerations

Self-employment is common for these jobs. Earnings for people in these jobs are often supplemented by tips or gratuities. Therefore, an individual's income will likely depend upon their ability to attract and retain a group of clients. This work usually occurs in clean, pleasant surroundings with good lighting and comfortable temperatures. The work can be tiring and physically demanding. Hairdressers and barbers must be on their feet for long periods of time. This work is often carried out during evenings and weekends, when salons are busiest.

By the numbers

Quick look

3,325

employed in 2016

68.9%

employed full-time

45.9%

self employed

86.8%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
13.2%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
44.4

median age

Compared to: All Sales and Service

102,605

employed in 2016

56.4%

employed full-time

5.8%

self employed

60.1%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
39.9%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
37

median age

Where will I likely work?

45.2%

Halifax

16.5%

North Shore

15.0%

Southern

13.2%

Cape Breton

10.1%

Annapolis Valley

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

North Shore

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

98.4%

Other services (except public administration)

0.3%

Educational services

0.3%

Health care and social assistance

0.3%

Arts, entertainment and recreation

0.3%

Accommodation and food services

What is the age of Employment?

26.0%

25-34

26.0%

45-54

17.0%

35-44

14.0%

55-64

9.0%

15-24

8.0%

65+

Compared to: All Sales and Service

30.0%

15-24

17.2%

45-54

17.2%

25-34

16.1%

55-64

13.8%

35-44

Top levels of education

52.0%

Trade Certification

$16,021 median annual income
39.2%

College Diploma

$14,806 median annual income
3.0%

High school

$17,833 median annual income
2.4%

Bachelor

$22,236 median annual income
1.7%

Diploma Below Bachelor

$12,977 median annual income

Compared to: All Sales and Service

39.8%

High school

$15,705 median annual income
19.7%

Less than high school

$9,866 median annual income
19.5%

College Diploma

$20,644 median annual income
9.9%

Bachelor

$21,262 median annual income
8.0%

Trade Certification

$21,234 median annual income

Education & training

Barbering

College or Trades Program

These programs prepare students to shave and trim facial/neck hair and beards, cut and dress hair, fit hairpieces, give facial and scalp massages, apply cosmetic treatments, and to prepare for licensure as professional barbers at various levels. They include courses in facial shaving, beard and moustache shaping and trimming, shampooing, hair cutting, hair styles and styling art, facial treatments and massage, chemical applications, hair and scalp anatomy and physiology, hairpiece and toupee fitting, equipment operation, health and safety, customer service, and shop business practices.

Institutions providing this program

Eastern College - Halifax

Halifax, NS

Cosmetology

College or Trades Program

These programs prepare students to cut, trim, style, or remove scalp, facial, and body hair, apply cosmetic preparations, do manicures and pedicures, massage the head and extremities, and prepare for practice as licensed cosmetologists in specialized or full-service salons. They include courses in hair cutting and styling, manicuring, pedicuring, facial treatments, shampooing, chemical applications, esthetics, shop management, sanitation and safety, customer service, and applicable professional and labour laws and regulations.

Institutions providing this program

CBBC Career College Inc. - Sydney Campus

Sydney, NS

Hair Masters

North Sydney, NS

Nova Scotia Community College - Annapolis Valley Campus

Middleton, NS

Nova Scotia Community College - Burridge Campus

Yarmouth, NS

Nova Scotia Community College - Pictou Campus & School of Fisheries

Stellarton, NS

Nova Scotia Community College - Marconi Campus

Sydney, NS

CBBC Career College Inc. - Halifax Campus

Halifax, NS

Hair Styling and Hair Design

College or Trades Program

These programs prepare students to shampoo, cut, style, set, and dress the scalp hair of women and/or men, braid hair, apply hair cosmetics and wigs, and prepare for licensure as professional cosmetologists, hairdressers, and barbers at various levels. They include courses in hair design theory and concepts, hair cleaning and shampooing, hair colouring, chemical applications and permanent reconstructions, hair anatomy and physiology, scalp diseases and treatments, wig and hairpiece fitting, hair braiding, customer service, shop management, equipment operation, health and safety, and applicable laws and regulations.

Institutions providing this program

CBBC Career College Inc. - Sydney Campus

Sydney, NS

Academy of Cosmetology

Dartmouth, NS

Hair Design Centre Limited

Halifax, NS

Hair Masters

North Sydney, NS

Apprenticeship Training

Halifax, NS

Elevate Beauty Institute of Cosmetology

New Minas, NS

CBBC Career College Inc. - Halifax Campus

Halifax, NS

Employment requirements & contacts

Regulations

Hairstylist

Compulsory Certification (Mandatory): This is a regulated designated trade in Nova Scotia. Individuals must hold a Certification of Qualification, be a registered apprentice, or hold a temporary work permit to legally do this work.

Regulating body:
Cosmetology Association of Nova Scotia
126 Chain Lake Drive
Halifax, NS B3S 1A2
(800) 765-8757
(902) 468-7147
Barber

Right to Title: This job is regulated in Nova Scotia. The job title is protected, and you may not use it without a professional designation. Professional designation shows that the holder has met provincial standards for the job. Employers may require professional designation, but professional designation is not necessary to do this work.

Regulating body:
Nova Scotia Registered Barbers Association
53 Albion Street
Amherst, NS B4H 2V9
(902) 667-8499

Contacts

Nova Scotia Apprenticeship Agency
Halifax, NS

Additional resources

There are no additional resources for this occupation.