Bakers

(NOC 6332)

in All Sales and Service

Bakers prepare bread, rolls, muffins, pies, pastries, cakes and cookies in retail and wholesale bakeries and dining establishments. They are employed in bakeries, supermarkets, catering companies, hotels, restaurants, hospitals, and other institutions, or they may be self-employed. Bakers who are supervisors are also included in this group.

Job Outlook

Good

Read more

  • Estimate Moderate growth employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 70 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Moderate rate of unemployment in 2016

Compared to: All Sales and Service

  • Estimate Decline slightly employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 5260 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Moderate rate of unemployment in 2016

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “good”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is better than average when compared to other occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a fairly large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities occur fairly regularly. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow moderately over the next few years, which will likely provide some additional opportunities for employment. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Bakers may either be working full-time or part-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions. With employment conditions being somewhat seasonal, periods of downtime or layoff throughout the year affect some workers.

The median employment income for 44% of Bakers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $25,334. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

$11.00

Minimum

$12.00

Median

$18.05

Maximum

Annual Pay

$3,506

Minimum

$17,625

Median

$36,574

Maximum

Compared to: All Sales and Service

Hourly Pay

$10.70

Minimum

$12.50

Median

$21.17

Maximum

Annual Pay

$2,949

Minimum

$16,629

Median

$45,086

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

Bakers prepare bread, rolls, muffins, pies, pastries, cakes and cookies in retail and wholesale bakeries and dining establishments. They are employed in bakeries, supermarkets, catering companies, hotels, restaurants, hospitals, and other institutions, or they may be self-employed. Bakers who are supervisors are also included in this group.

Job duties

Bakers perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Prepare dough for pies, bread, rolls and sweet goods, batters for muffins, cookies and cakes and icings and frostings according to recipes or special customer orders.
  • Operate machinery.
  • Bake mixed doughs and batters.
  • Frost and decorate cakes or other baked goods.
  • Ensure quality of products meets established standards.
  • Draw up production schedule to determine type and quantity of goods to produce.
  • Purchase baking supplies.
  • May oversee sales and merchandising of baked goods.
  • May hire, train and supervise baking personnel and kitchen staff.

Sample job titles

  • baker
  • baker apprentice
  • bakery supervisor
  • cake and pastry decorator
  • chocolate maker
  • donut maker
  • grocery store baker
  • head baker
  • pastry maker
  • specialty foods baker

Skills

This work requires initiative, imagination, and creativity. Knowledge of basic nutrition and baking methods is needed. You should understand and apply the rules of hygiene and sanitation. Organization, time management, and the ability to perform under pressure are important. You must have good physical health, stamina, and manual dexterity. You may be required to work shift work and establish good working relationships with a variety of co-workers and customers.

Job requirements

  • Completion of high school is usually required.
  • Completion of a three- or four-year apprenticeship program for bakers or completion of a college or other program for bakers is usually required.
  • On-the-job training may be provided.
  • Trade certification is available, but voluntary, in Nova Scotia.
  • Red Seal Endorsement (RSE) is also available to qualified bakers upon successful completion of the interprovincial Red Seal examination.

Other considerations

To work as a baker the completion of an apprenticeship program or a college program is usually required.

By the numbers

Quick look

1,235

employed in 2016

66.5%

employed full-time

8.1%

self employed

67.9%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
32.1%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
38.4

median age

Compared to: All Sales and Service

102,605

employed in 2016

59.4%

employed full-time

6.2%

self employed

60.1%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
39.9%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
37

median age

Where will I likely work?

36.5%

Halifax

18.4%

Cape Breton

16.1%

Annapolis Valley

14.7%

Southern

14.4%

Northern

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

Northern

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

38.6%

Retail Trade

32.9%

Accommodation and Food Services

22.1%

Food and Beverage Product Manufacturing

1.6%

Health Care and Social Assistance

1.2%

Wholesale Trade

What is the age of Employment?

26.3%

45-54

19.6%

55-64

19.0%

35-44

16.8%

15-24

16.2%

25-34

1.7%

65+

Compared to: All Sales and Service

35.7%

25-34

28.6%

35-44

21.4%

55-64

Top levels of education

40.1%

High school

$23,417 median annual income
21.3%

Less than high school

$25,011 median annual income
20.6%

College certificate or diploma

$31,934 median annual income
9.4%

Trades certificate

$32,026 median annual income
7.2%

Bachelor's degree

N/A

Compared to: All Sales and Service

40.4%

High school

$12,982 median annual income
19.9%

College certificate or diploma

$19,514 median annual income
18.8%

Less than high school

$9,486 median annual income
10.0%

Bachelor's degree

$20,807 median annual income
8.0%

Trades certificate

$18,797 median annual income

Education & training

Adult high school/secondary diploma programs

This program is typically offered at the high school level.

The Nova Scotia School for Adult Learning (NSSAL) administers, coordinates, and supports the development and delivery of adult education programs through learning partners in Nova Scotia. Our learning partners include the Nova Scotia Community College, Adult High Schools, Université Sainte-Anne, and community-based learning organizations that offer tuition-free programming across the province. NSSAL offers clear, accessible pathways from adult basic education to a high school credential or GED, empowering Nova Scotians to achieve their learning and employment goals.

Institutions providing this program

Universite Sainte-Anne

Siège Social: 1695, Route 1

Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0

(902) 769-2114

Nova Scotia Community College - Adult Learning

PO Box 220

Halifax, NS B3J 2M4

(866) 679-6722

Adult High Schools

Various, NS

Community Learning Organizations

Various, NS

Baking and pastry arts/baker/pastry chef

This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.

This instructional program class includes any program that prepares individuals to serve as professional bakers and pastry specialists in restaurants or other commercial baking establishments. These programs include courses in bread and pastry making, bread and pastry handling and storage, cake and pastry decorating, baking industry operations, product packaging and marketing operations, and counter display and service.

Institutions providing this program

Nova Scotia Community College - Akerley Campus

21 Woodlawn Road

Dartmouth, NS B2W 2R7

(902) 491-4900

Nova Scotia Community College - Kingstec Campus

236 Belcher Street

Kentville, NS B4N 0A6

(902) 678-7341

Apprenticeship Training

Department of Labour and Advanced Education 2021 Brunswick Street, PO Box 578

Halifax, NS B3J 2S9

(800) 494-5651

Employment requirements & contacts

Regulations

Baker

Certificate of Qualification (Voluntary): This job is a designated trade in Nova Scotia. Employers may require certification, however, a certificate is not needed to legally work in this job.

Regulating body:
Nova Scotia Apprenticeship Agency
2021 Brunswick Street, PO Box 578
Halifax, NS B3J 2S9
(800) 494-5651
(902) 424-0717

Contacts

Red Seal
c/o Nova Scotia Apprenticeship Agency PO Box 578
Halifax, B3J 2S9
Tel: (902) 424-5651
Fax: (902) 424-0717
Baking Association of Canada
7895 Tranmere Dr., Suite 202
Mississauga, ON L5S 1V9
Tel: (888) 674-2253
Fax: (905) 405-0993

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