Librarians and Archivists

(NOC 5111, 5113)

in All NS Occupations

Librarians select, develop, organize, maintain, and promote collections or library materials and provide advisory services for users. They are employed in libraries or other establishments with library services throughout the public and private sectors. Archivists manage information. They are responsible for processing, safe storage, and retrieval of books, pictures, maps, letters, records, films, videos, etc. Archivists are employed in archives, in the public and para-public sectors and in private sector organizations

Job Outlook

Limited

Read more

  • Estimate Decline employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 10 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2016

Compared to: All NS Occupations

  • Estimate Weak growth employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 33315 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Moderate rate of unemployment in 2016

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “limited”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is below average when compared with other occupations in Nova Scotia. This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent and jobseekers may face competition. The number employed in this occupation is expected to decline moderately over the next few years, which will likely limit the number of new opportunities available. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Librarians and Archivists most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically temporary positions (such as a term, contract, or casual work). Also, a fair portion of the workforce is self-employed, so having the option to "work for yourself" may appeal to some individuals’ interests/motivations.

The median employment income for 74% of Librarians and Archivists who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $70,869. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

$15.04

Minimum

$22.89

Median

$35.71

Maximum

Annual Pay

$15,816

Minimum

$60,587

Median

$95,727

Maximum

Compared to: All NS Occupations

Hourly Pay

$11.00

Minimum

$19.89

Median

$40.00

Maximum

Annual Pay

$2,872

Minimum

$29,983

Median

$83,126

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

Librarians select, develop, organize, maintain, and promote collections or library materials and provide advisory services for users. They are employed in libraries or other establishments with library services throughout the public and private sectors.

Archivists manage information. They are responsible for processing, safe storage, and retrieval of books, pictures, maps, letters, records, films, videos, etc. Archivists are employed in archives, in the public and para-public sectors and in private sector organizations

Job duties

Librarians perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Recommend acquisition of books, periodicals and audio-visual, interactive media and other materials for inclusion in library collection.
  • Provide reference services.
  • Select, classify, catalogue and weed library materials.
  • Prepare bibliographies, indexes, reading lists, guides and other finding aids.
  • Develop systems to access library collections.
  • Perform manual, on-line and interactive media reference searches to assist users in accessing library materials and arrange for interlibrary loans.
  • Develop taxonomies using various information and data sources.
  • Provide specialized programs for children, seniors and other groups.
  • Conduct library information and orientation training programs and tours.
  • Perform related administrative duties and supervise library technicians, assistants and clerks.

Archivists perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Develop policies and procedures for managing current and semi-current archives, in particular corporate cataloguing systems, records scheduling and disposal, and finding aids.
  • Design programs for managing, disseminating and storing archives of all types (documents, photographs, maps, audio-visual materials, manuscripts, etc.).
  • Plan the computerized management of archives and the management of electronic archives.
  • Appraise and acquire archival materials to build and develop an archival collection for research purposes.
  • Authenticate documents and records, and research the origins and significance of archival materials.
  • Organize noncurrent archives and develop cataloguing and retrieval systems to allow access to archival materials.
  • Assist people with their searches.

Sample job titles

  • archivist
  • cybrarian
  • historical archivist
  • law librarian
  • librarian
  • medical librarian
  • multimedia archivist
  • multimedia librarian
  • photo archivist
  • research archivist

Skills

To work in this field, you need excellent administrative, research, organizational, writing, and planning skills, as well as intellectual curiosity. You should have supervisory skills and the ability to work with people of all ages, including other staff. A knowledge of computer systems, literature, and current information sources is also important. Being able to speak and write French would be an asset in some positions.

Job requirements

  • A master's degree in library science is required for librarians.
  • A bachelor's degree with a minor in archival studies or a university degree with a certificate in archival studies is required for archivists while a master's degree may be required.

Other considerations

Progression to library and archive management positions is possible with experience.

By the numbers

Quick look

335

employed in 2016

88.2%

employed full-time

0.0%

self employed

82.4%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
17.6%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
N/A

median age

Compared to: All NS Occupations

427,305

employed in 2016

78.0%

employed full-time

10.0%

self employed

49.2%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
50.8%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
38.2

median age

Where will I likely work?

63.2%

Halifax

13.2%

Northern

13.2%

Cape Breton

5.9%

Southern

5.9%

Annapolis Valley

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

Northern

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

97.0%

Information, Culture & Recreation

3.0%

Other Services

What is the age of Employment?

32.6%

55-64

23.9%

45-54

21.7%

35-44

15.2%

25-34

Compared to: All NS Occupations

43.8%

35-44

35.4%

45-54

12.5%

25-34

8.3%

55-64

4.2%

65+

Top levels of education

73.5%

Doctorate

N/A
13.2%

Bachelor's degree

$30,244 median annual income
6.6%

High school

$28,664 median annual income
3.7%

College certificate or diploma

$33,921 median annual income
1.5%

University advanced certificate or diploma

$42,054 median annual income

Compared to: All NS Occupations

27.5%

Bachelor's degree

$19,705 median annual income
26.2%

High school

$7,127 median annual income
20.3%

College certificate or diploma

$20,158 median annual income
10.2%

Less than high school

$2,298 median annual income
8.0%

Master's degree

N/A

Education & training

Classics and classical languages, literatures and linguistics - General

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the literary culture of the ancient Graeco-Roman world and the Greek and Latin languages and literatures and their development prior to the fall of the Roman Empire.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

15 University Avenue

Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6

(902) 542-2201

Dalhousie University

Office of the Registrar

Halifax, NS B3H 4R2

(902) 494-2450

University of King's College

6350 Coburg Road

Halifax, NS B3H 2A1

(902) 422-1271

St. Francis Xavier University

PO Box 5000

Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5

(902) 867-2219

Saint Mary's University

923 Robie Street

Halifax, NS B3H 3C3

(902) 420-5400

Information science/studies

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the theory, organization, and process of information collection, transmission, and utilization in traditional and electronic forms. These programs include courses in information classification and organization; information storage and processing; transmission, transfer, and signalling; communications and networking; systems planning and design; human interfacing and use analysis; database development; information policy analysis; and related aspects of hardware, software, economics, social factors, and capacity.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Office of the Registrar

Halifax, NS B3H 4R2

(902) 494-2450

Employment requirements & contacts

No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile

Contacts

Council of Nova Scotia Archives
6016 University Avenue
Halifax, NS B3H 1W4
Tel: (902) 424-7093
Fax: (902) 424-0628
Nova Scotia Library Association
60 Alderney Drive
Halifax, NS B2Y 2N5
Tel: (902) 490-5710
Association of Canadian Archivists
PO Box 2596, Station D
Ottawa, ON K1P 5W6
Tel: (613) 234-6977
Fax: (613) 234-8500

Additional resources

There are no additional resources for this occupation.

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