Judges

(NOC 4111)

in All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

Judges decide civil and criminal cases and administer justice in courts of law. Judges oversee over federal and provincial courts.

Job Outlook

Undetermined

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  • Estimate change in employment not available for this occupation.
  • Estimate openings due to growth and retirements not available for this occupation.
  • Estimate rate of unemployment not available for this occupation.

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

  • Estimate 770 employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 4115 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate rate of unemployment not available for these occupation.

This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Judges most commonly work full-time hours.

The median employment income for 71% of Judges who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $305,590. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

N/A

Minimum

N/A

Median

N/A

Maximum

Annual Pay

$238,513

Minimum

$314,100

Median

$314,100

Maximum

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

Hourly Pay

$14.74

Minimum

$33.28

Median

$46.76

Maximum

Annual Pay

$5,616

Minimum

$44,335

Median

$92,599

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

Judges decide civil and criminal cases and administer justice in courts of law. Judges oversee over federal and provincial courts.

Job duties

Judges: Lead courts, interpret and enforce rules of procedure and make rulings about the admissibility of evidence.

  • Instruct the jury on laws that are applicable to the case.
  • Weigh and consider evidence in non-jury trials and decide legal guilt or innocence or degree of liability of the accused or defendant.
  • Pass sentence on individuals convicted in criminal cases and determine damages or other appropriate remedy in civil cases.
  • Grant divorces and divide assets between spouses.
  • Determine custody of children between contesting parents and other guardians.
  • Enforce court orders for access or support.
  • Supervise other judges and court officers.
  • Judges may specialize areas of law like civil, criminal or family law.

Sample job titles

  • chief justice
  • court of Queen's Bench justice
  • family court judge
  • federal trail court justice
  • provincial court of appeal justice
  • small claims court judge
  • superior court justice

Skills

Excellent spoken communication skills are important for courtroom work. You should have a strong command of language and the ability to think logically and analytically. Patience, tact, and an understanding of human nature would be helpful in dealing with the public.

Job requirements

  • Judges usually require extensive experience as a lawyer or as a professor of law with continuous membership in the bar association.
  • Membership in good standing with a provincial law society or bar association is required.
  • Judges are appointed by federal or provincial cabinets.
  • Those appointed to more senior positions in a court, like chief justice, usually have experience as judges in that court.

Other considerations

Judges tend to work regular business hours.

By the numbers

Quick look

120

employed in 2016

100.0%

employed full-time

0.0%

self employed

33.3%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
66.7%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
61.6

median age

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

55,420

employed in 2016

76.4%

employed full-time

6.6%

self employed

64.0%
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36%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
43.5

median age

Where will I likely work?

54.2%

Halifax

20.8%

North Shore

12.5%

Southern

12.5%

Cape Breton

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

North Shore

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

100.0%

Public administration

What is the age of Employment?

50.0%

55-64

29.0%

65+

21.0%

45-54

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

24.2%

35-44

22.7%

45-54

21.4%

25-34

17.2%

55-64

8.4%

15-24

Top levels of education

79.2%

Bachelor

$305,672 median annual income
20.8%

Master

N/A
8.3%

Diploma Above Bachelor

N/A

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

28.9%

Bachelor

$45,929 median annual income
21.2%

College Diploma

$35,398 median annual income
16.8%

Master

$71,043 median annual income
14.6%

High school

$29,055 median annual income
4.6%

Doctorate

$100,443 median annual income

Education & training

Law (LLB, JD, BCL)

This program is typically offered at the university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of common or civil law, for becoming a Quebec notary, for taking bar examinations, and for advanced research in jurisprudence. These programs include courses in the theory and practice of the legal system, including the statutory, administrative, and judicial components of civil and criminal law.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Office of the Registrar

Halifax, NS B3H 4R2

(902) 494-2450

Employment requirements & contacts

Regulations

Lawyer

Right to Practice: This job is regulated in Nova Scotia. A licence shows that the holder has met provincial requirements and is required to legally do this work.

Regulating body:
Nova Scotia Barristers' Society
800-2000 Barrington Street
Halifax, NS B3J 3K1
(902) 422-1491
(902) 429-4869

Contacts

Legal Information Society of Nova Scotia
5523 B Young Street
Halifax, NS B3K 1Z7
Tel: (902) 454-2198
Fax: (902) 455-3105
Nova Scotia Department of Justice, Correctional Services Division
P.O. Box 7
Halifax, NS B3J 2L6
Tel: (902) 424-7640
Fax: (902) 424-0693
Canadian Criminal Justice Association
320 Parkdale Avenue, Suite 101
Ottawa, ON K1Y 4X9
Tel: (613) 725-3715
Fax: (613) 725-3720

Additional resources

Job postings

There are currently no job postings for this occupation.