Secondary School Teachers

(NOC 4031)

in All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

Secondary school teachers prepare and teach academic, technical, vocational or specialized subjects at public and private junior and senior high schools. Secondary school teachers who are heads of departments are included in this group. Secondary teachers may specialize in areas such as mathematics, English, French, special education, or second language instruction. Secondary school teachers of vocational and trades subjects may specialize in areas such as hairdressing or auto mechanics.

Job Outlook

Average

Read more

  • Estimate stable employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 180 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2016

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

  • Estimate Moderate growth employment change, 2017-2019
  • Estimate 4880 openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2016

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a fairly large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities occur fairly regularly. The number employed in this occupation is expected to remain largely the same over the next few years. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Secondary School Teachers most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions.

The median employment income for 67% of Secondary School Teachers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $74,127. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

$21.63

Minimum

$38.66

Median

$45.64

Maximum

Annual Pay

$12,906

Minimum

$70,443

Median

$86,277

Maximum

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

Hourly Pay

$14.00

Minimum

$26.88

Median

$46.15

Maximum

Annual Pay

$5,616

Minimum

$44,335

Median

$92,599

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

Secondary school teachers prepare and teach academic, technical, vocational or specialized subjects at public and private junior and senior high schools. Secondary school teachers who are heads of departments are included in this group. Secondary teachers may specialize in areas such as mathematics, English, French, special education, or second language instruction. Secondary school teachers of vocational and trades subjects may specialize in areas such as hairdressing or auto mechanics.

Job duties

Secondary school teachers perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Plan instructional goals and designated outcomes for all students and clearly communicate to those learners.
  • Use a variety of teaching strategies such as group work, lecture, mini-lessons, exploration, questioning, discussion, and other cooperative teaching techniques.
  • Assign and correct homework.
  • Prepare, administer and correct tests.
  • Use a variety of assessment strategies to evaluate the progress of students and discuss results with students, parents, and school officials.
  • Identify children’s individual learning needs and adapt curriculum to meet the varying rates, patterns, and needs of all students, including students who extend learning beyond designated outcomes.
  • Contribute to and manage an individual program plan for students with special needs.
  • Maintain records for such things as student attendance, evaluations, report cards, discipline records, and other related documents.
  • Plan and implement appropriate classroom management strategies and techniques to ensure productive, interesting, respectful, and safe classrooms.
  • Apply appropriate consequences for inappropriate student behavior.
  • Communicate effectively with students, staff, parents, community and outside agencies to better meet with the needs of students.
  • Participate in staff meetings, educational conferences and teacher training workshops.
  • May teach and evaluate students through distance or online courses.
  • May advise students on course selection and on vocational and personal matters.
  • May supervise student teachers.

Sample job titles

  • adult education teacher, secondary school
  • alternative high school teacher
  • behaviour support teacher
  • cooperative education teacher
  • department head
  • English as an additional language teacher, high school
  • fine arts specialist teacher
  • high school teacher
  • learning centre teacher
  • private teacher - secondary school
  • resource teacher
  • skilled trades education teacher

Skills

To work in this field, you should be patient, imaginative, objective, and resourceful. Leadership skills and the ability to motivate students are important. You must be able to communicate ideas in a clear, concise, and interesting way. Planning and organizational skills are also necessary. Energy and stamina are often needed, as a teacher's workday involves more than just school hours. Teachers must be knowledgeable about their subjects and keep informed of new material and methods of teaching.

Job requirements

  • Teachers of academic subjects require a bachelor's degree in education which is often preceded by a bachelor's degree in the arts or sciences.
  • Teachers of vocational or technical subjects require a bachelor's degree in education which is usually preceded by specialized training or experience in the subject.
  • Department heads usually require several years of teaching experience.
  • To specialize in special education or English or French as a second language, additional training, often at a master’s level, is required.
  • A Nova Scotia teaching certificate is required.
  • Membership in a provincial teachers' association or union may be required.

Other considerations

Progression to vice-principal or other administrative positions in the education system is possible with experience.

By the numbers

Quick look

3,825

employed in 2016

85.5%

employed full-time

0.0%

self employed

59.4%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
40.6%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
44

median age

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

55,420

employed in 2016

79.3%

employed full-time

6.5%

self employed

64.0%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
36%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
43.5

median age

Where will I likely work?

40.6%

Halifax

17.0%

Northern

15.9%

Cape Breton

13.5%

Southern

13.3%

Annapolis Valley

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

Northern

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

99.3%

Educational Services

0.3%

Other Professional Services

0.3%

Public Administration

0.1%

Other Industries

What is the age of Employment?

36.3%

45-54

25.0%

25-34

22.7%

35-44

10.4%

55-64

2.9%

15-24

2.7%

65+

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

36.6%

35-44

29.3%

45-54

24.4%

55-64

4.9%

25-34

4.9%

65+

Top levels of education

43.2%

Bachelor's degree

$51,170 median annual income
41.4%

Doctorate

$73,756 median annual income
10.1%

University advanced certificate or diploma

$67,022 median annual income
3.0%

College certificate or diploma

$28,074 median annual income
1.4%

University certificate or diploma

$40,048 median annual income

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

29.2%

Bachelor's degree

$43,533 median annual income
21.5%

College certificate or diploma

$28,183 median annual income
17.2%

Master's degree

$35,978 median annual income
14.3%

High school

$25,801 median annual income
4.6%

Doctorate

$60,991 median annual income

Education & training

Aboriginal education

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that focuses on the design and implementation of instructional and advising services for First Nations, Inuit and Metis students at various learning levels and that prepares individuals to perform teaching and administrative functions. These programs include courses in the cultural traditions and social patterns, history and politics, learning styles and issues, curriculum design and minority education strategies, counselling techniques and social issues, rural education services, distance education, adult education techniques, school administration, applicable laws and regulations, and research issues.

Institutions providing this program

Cape Breton University

PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road

Sydney, NS B1P 6L2

(888) 959-9995

Adult and continuing education and teaching

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that prepares individuals to teach adult students in various settings, including basic and remedial education programs, continuing education programs, and programs designed to develop or upgrade specific employment-related knowledge and skills.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Office of the Registrar

Halifax, NS B3H 4R2

(902) 494-2450

Mount Saint Vincent University

166 Bedford Highway

Halifax, NS B3M 2J6

(902) 457-6117

St. Francis Xavier University

PO Box 5000

Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5

(902) 867-2219

Art teacher education

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that prepares individuals to teach art and art appreciation programs at various educational levels.

Institutions providing this program

NSCAD University

5163 Duke Street

Halifax, NS B3J 3J6

(902) 444-9600

Cape Breton University

PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road

Sydney, NS B1P 6L2

(888) 959-9995

Curriculum and instruction

This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that focuses on the curriculum and related instructional processes and tools, and that prepares individuals to serve as professional curriculum specialists. These programs include courses in curriculum theory, curriculum design and planning, instructional material design and evaluation, curriculum evaluation, and applications to specific subject matter, programs or educational levels.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

15 University Avenue

Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6

(902) 542-2201

Mount Saint Vincent University

166 Bedford Highway

Halifax, NS B3M 2J6

(902) 457-6117

Cape Breton University

PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road

Sydney, NS B1P 6L2

(888) 959-9995

Education of individuals with multiple disabilities

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that focuses on the design of educational services for children or adults with multiple disabilities which adversely affect their educational performance and that prepares individuals to teach such students. These programs include courses in identifying students with multiple disabilities, developing individual education plans, teaching and supervising multiple handicapped students, counselling, and applicable laws and policies.

Institutions providing this program

Nova Scotia Community College - Kingstec Campus

236 Belcher Street

Kentville, NS B4N 0A6

(902) 678-7341

Nova Scotia Community College - Lunenburg Campus

75 High Street

Bridgewater, NS B4V 1V8

(902) 543-4608

Nova Scotia Community College - Marconi Campus

PO Box 1042, 1240 Grand Lake Road

Sydney, NS B1P 6J7

(902) 563-2450

Educational/instructional media design

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that focuses on the principles and techniques of creating instructional products and related educational resources in various formats or combinations such as film, video, recording, text, art, CD-ROM, computer software, virtual reality technology, and three-dimensional objects, and that prepares individuals to function as instructional media designers. These programs include courses in the techniques specific to creating in various media; the behavioural principles applicable to using various media in learning and teaching; the design, testing and production of instructional materials; and the management of educational/instructional media facilities and programs.

Institutions providing this program

Cape Breton University

PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road

Sydney, NS B1P 6L2

(888) 959-9995

English as a second language (Canada)

This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that focuses on the development of proficiency in reading, writing, and speaking English for those for whom English is not their mother tongue. These programs include courses in the use of basic communication skills to develop and transmit ideas and thoughts in English as well as specialized programs that focus on the development of proficiency in English sufficient to meet specific occupational or academic demands.

Institutions providing this program

Nova Scotia Community College - Institute of Technology Campus

5685 Leeds Street

Halifax, NS B3K 2T3

(902) 491-6722

Mathematics teacher education

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that prepares individuals to teach mathematics programs at various educational levels.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

15 University Avenue

Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6

(902) 542-2201

Saint Mary's University

923 Robie Street

Halifax, NS B3H 3C3

(902) 420-5400

Physical education teaching and coaching

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that prepares individuals to teach physical education programs and/or to coach sports at various educational levels.

Institutions providing this program

St. Francis Xavier University

PO Box 5000

Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5

(902) 867-2219

Secondary education and teaching

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that prepares individuals to teach students in the secondary grades, which may include grades seven through twelve, depending on the school system and applicable regulations. May include preparation to teach a comprehensive curriculum or specific subject matter.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

15 University Avenue

Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6

(902) 542-2201

Mount Saint Vincent University

166 Bedford Highway

Halifax, NS B3M 2J6

(902) 457-6117

Universite Sainte-Anne

Siège Social: 1695, Route 1

Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0

(902) 769-2114

St. Francis Xavier University

PO Box 5000

Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5

(902) 867-2219

Cape Breton University

PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road

Sydney, NS B1P 6L2

(888) 959-9995

Special education and teaching - General

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class includes any general program that focuses on the design and provision of teaching and other educational services to children or adults with special learning needs or disabilities, and that prepares individuals to function as special education teachers. These programs include courses in diagnosing learning disabilities, developing individual education plans, teaching and supervising special education students, special education counselling, and applicable laws and policies.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

15 University Avenue

Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6

(902) 542-2201

Teacher education, multiple levels

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that prepares individuals to teach students at more than one educational level, such as a combined program in elementary/secondary, early childhood/elementary, elementary/middle school, or junior high/high school teacher education.

Institutions providing this program

Mount Saint Vincent University

166 Bedford Highway

Halifax, NS B3M 2J6

(902) 457-6117

Universite Sainte-Anne

Siège Social: 1695, Route 1

Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0

(902) 769-2114

St. Francis Xavier University

PO Box 5000

Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5

(902) 867-2219

Teaching English as a second or foreign language/ESL language instructor

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that focuses on the principles and practice of teaching English to students who are not proficient in English or who do not speak, read or write English, and that prepares individuals to function as teachers and administrators in such programs.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

15 University Avenue

Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6

(902) 542-2201

Technology teacher education/industrial arts teacher education

This program is typically offered at the college or university level.

This instructional program class includes any program that prepares individuals to teach technology education/industrial arts programs at various educational levels.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture

PO Box 550

Truro, NS B2N 5E3

(902) 893-6600

Employment requirements & contacts

Regulations

Teacher

Special Requirements: To work in the public school system Nova Scotia Teacher Certification is required. Certification may be required by other education related employers.

Regulating body:
Nova Scotia Department of Education & Early Childhood Development, Office of Teacher Certification
2021 Brunswick Street
Halifax, NS B3J 2S9
(902) 424-6620
(902) 424-3814

Contacts

Nova Scotia Department of Education, Teacher Certification
PO Box 578
Halifax, NS B3J 2S9
Tel: (902) 424-6620
Fax: (902) 424-3814
Canadian Teachers' Federation
2490 Don Reid Drive
Ottawa, ON K1H 1E1
Tel: (613) 232-1505
Fax: (613) 232-1886

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