University Professors and Lecturers

(NOC 4011)

in All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

University professors and lecturers teach courses to undergraduate and graduate students and conduct research at universities. Some university professors are hired on a course-by-course basis only to teach. University professors who are heads of departments are included in this group. University professors and lecturers specialize in a subject like biology, chemistry, anatomy, history, English, sociology, business administration or law.

Job Outlook

Average

Read more

  • Estimate Decline slightly employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 215 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2019

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

  • Estimate 770 employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 4115 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate rate of unemployment not available for these occupation.

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a fairly large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities occur fairly regularly. The number employed in this occupation is expected to decline slightly over the next few years, which may affect the number of new opportunities available. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. University Professors and Lecturers most commonly work full-time hours.

The median employment income for 59% of University Professors and Lecturers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $112,784. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

$17.42

Minimum

$40.00

Median

$62.50

Maximum

Annual Pay

$12,501

Minimum

$95,952

Median

$151,667

Maximum

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

Hourly Pay

$14.74

Minimum

$33.28

Median

$46.76

Maximum

Annual Pay

$5,616

Minimum

$44,335

Median

$92,599

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

University professors and lecturers teach courses to undergraduate and graduate students and conduct research at universities. Some university professors are hired on a course-by-course basis only to teach. University professors who are heads of departments are included in this group. University professors and lecturers specialize in a subject like biology, chemistry, anatomy, history, English, sociology, business administration or law.

Job duties

University professors and lecturers:

  • Teach one or more university subjects to undergraduate and graduate students.
  • Prepare and deliver lectures to students and conduct laboratory sessions or discussion groups.
  • Prepare, administer, and grade examinations, laboratory assignments and reports.
  • Advise students on course and academic matters and career decisions.
  • Direct research programs of graduate students and advise on research matters.
  • Conduct research in field of specialization and publish findings in scholarly journals or books.
  • May serve on faculty committees dealing with matters like curriculum planning and degree requirements and perform a variety of administrative duties.
  • May represent their universities as speakers and guest lecturers.
  • May provide consulting services to government, industry, and private individuals.

Sample job titles

  • assistant professor
  • associate professor
  • department chairperson
  • postdoctoral fellow
  • research professor
  • university department head
  • university lecturer
  • university professor
  • visiting professor
  • visiting scholar

Skills

You should be intellectual, inquisitive, and analytical, and have a strong desire to pursue and pass on knowledge. You must be able to communicate clearly and concisely in both oral and written forms, as university faculty are expected to publish articles regularly as well as lecture. The ability to carry out and analyze research is also important. Strong planning and leadership skills are essential. You must be able to inspire confidence and motivate students to learn. As well, you must be a self-starter, as universities are decentralized institutions in which to work.

Job requirements

  • A doctoral degree in the field of specialization is required for university professors.
  • A master's degree in the field of specialization is required for university lecturers.
  • Licences or professional certification may be required for professors teaching future practitioners in certain professionally regulated fields like medicine, engineering, architecture, psychology or law.

Other considerations

University faculty members generally have flexible work schedules. They may work staggered hours and teach classes in the evening. Most university teaching and research assistants are employed on a part-time basis. University professors who are also practitioners in their field of specialization must have the appropriate licences or certification. Progression to senior positions within a department, faculty or university is possible with experience.

By the numbers

Quick look

3,145

employed in 2016

83.0%

employed full-time

0.0%

self employed

47.3%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
52.7%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
52.5

median age

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

55,420

employed in 2016

76.4%

employed full-time

6.6%

self employed

64.0%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
36%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
43.5

median age

Where will I likely work?

64.4%

Halifax

14.5%

North Shore

12.6%

Annapolis Valley

6.4%

Cape Breton

2.2%

Southern

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

North Shore

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

100.0%

Educational services

What is the age of Employment?

28.0%

55-64

24.0%

45-54

22.0%

35-44

17.0%

65+

9.0%

25-34

1.0%

15-24

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

24.2%

35-44

22.7%

45-54

21.4%

25-34

17.2%

55-64

8.4%

15-24

Top levels of education

66.4%

Doctorate

$110,258 median annual income
22.0%

Master

$57,643 median annual income
7.6%

Bachelor

$41,626 median annual income
2.1%

Medicine, Dentistry, Veterinary, Optometry

$77,158 median annual income
1.1%

Diploma Below Bachelor

N/A

Compared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

28.9%

Bachelor

$45,929 median annual income
21.2%

College Diploma

$35,398 median annual income
16.8%

Master

$71,043 median annual income
14.6%

High school

$29,055 median annual income
4.6%

Doctorate

$100,443 median annual income

Education & training

Anatomy

College or University Program

These programs focus on the scientific study of organ systems, tissue structures, and whole bodies together with their cellular and structural components and dynamics. They include courses in cell biology and histology, structural biology, molecular mechanics, regional and gross anatomy, embryology, neuroanatomy, endocrinology and secretory dynamics, and applications to such topics as aging and disease conditions.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

Child Development

College or University Program

This program engages students in practical training and theoretical explorations in child and youth work, early childhood education, as well as early intervention and inclusive development.

Institutions providing this program

Mount Saint Vincent University

Halifax, NS

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures and Linguistics

College or University Program

These programs focus on the literary culture of the ancient Graeco-Roman world and the Greek and Latin languages and literatures and their development prior to the fall of the Roman Empire.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

Wolfville, NS

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

University of King's College

Halifax, NS

St. Francis Xavier University

Antigonish, NS

Saint Mary's University

Halifax, NS

Educational Statistics and Research Methods

University Program

These programs focus on applying statistics to the analysis educational research problems, and the development of technical designs for research studies. They include courses in mathematical statistics, research design, computer applications, instrument design, research methodologies, and applications to research problems in specific education subjects.

Institutions providing this program

Acadia University

Wolfville, NS

Mount Saint Vincent University

Halifax, NS

St. Francis Xavier University

Antigonish, NS

Cape Breton University

Sydney, NS

Multidisciplinary/Interdisciplinary Studies

College, Trades, or University Program

This includes any program not listed elsewhere that relates to Multidisciplinary/Interdisciplinary Studies.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Halifax, NS

Employment requirements & contacts

No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile

Contacts

Canadian Association of University Teachers
Ottawa, ON

Additional resources

There are no additional resources for this occupation.