Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists

(NOC 3141)

in All Health

Audiologists diagnose, evaluate, and treat individuals with peripheral and central hearing loss, tinnitus, and balance problems. Speech-language pathologists diagnose, assess, and treat human communication disorders including speech, fluency, language, voice, and swallowing disorders. Audiologists and speech-language pathologists work in hospitals, community and public health centres, extended care facilities, day clinics, rehabilitation centres and schools, or may work in private practice. Audiologists and speech-language pathologists who are supervisors are included in this group.

Job Outlook

Average

Read more

  • Estimate Moderate growth employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 0 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate Low rate of unemployment in 2019

Compared to: All Health

  • Estimate 705 employment change, 2019-2021
  • Estimate 3180 openings due to growth and retirements, 2018-2020
  • Estimate rate of unemployment not available for these occupation.

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow moderately over the next few years, which will likely provide some additional opportunities for employment. With a moderate percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to contribute somewhat to employment opportunities over the coming years. Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists most commonly work full-time hours.

The median employment income for 64% of Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $80,505. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

Hourly Pay

$32.97

Minimum

$42.60

Median

$48.90

Maximum

Annual Pay

$22,222

Minimum

$74,291

Median

$91,134

Maximum

Compared to: All Health

Hourly Pay

$16.38

Minimum

$30.45

Median

$41.35

Maximum

Annual Pay

$10,740

Minimum

$43,853

Median

$88,944

Maximum

About the job

Nature of work

Audiologists diagnose, evaluate, and treat individuals with peripheral and central hearing loss, tinnitus, and balance problems. Speech-language pathologists diagnose, assess, and treat human communication disorders including speech, fluency, language, voice, and swallowing disorders. Audiologists and speech-language pathologists work in hospitals, community and public health centres, extended care facilities, day clinics, rehabilitation centres and schools, or may work in private practice. Audiologists and speech-language pathologists who are supervisors are included in this group.

Job duties

Audiologists:

  • Develop and administer tests and examinations using specialized instruments and electronic equipment to diagnose and evaluate the degree and type of patients' hearing impairment.
  • Plan and implement habilitation/rehabilitation programs for patients, including selection, fitting, and adjustment of amplification devices like hearing aids, and teaching speech (lip) reading.
  • Provide information to patients and families regarding the nature, extent, impact and implications of hearing loss and treatment.
  • Create personalized care plans working as a member of an interdisciplinary team.
  • Conduct research related to hearing and hearing disorders.
  • May instruct and supervise audiometric technicians, students, and other health care personnel.

Speech-language pathologists:

  • Administer tests and examinations and observe patients to diagnose and evaluate speech, voice, resonance, language, cognitive-linguistic and swallowing disorders.
  • Develop, plan, and implement programs to correct speech, voice, language, resonance, cognitive-linguistic and swallowing disorders.
  • Create group and personalized care plans working as a member of an interdisciplinary team.
  • Provide advice and educational services to patients and families regarding communication and swallowing disorders.
  • Conduct research on speech and other communication disorders and on the development and design of diagnostic procedures and devices.
  • May instruct and supervise communicative disorders assistants, students, and other health care personnel.

Sample job titles

  • aduiology specialist
  • audiologist
  • diagnostic audiologist
  • hearing aid audiologist
  • pediatric audiologist
  • research audiologist
  • speech and language therapist
  • speech pathologist
  • speech therapist
  • speech-language pathologist

Skills

You should have an interest in health, and in caring for the special needs of people, or an interest in educating and working with students who have language and communication challenges. Ingenuity, initiative, and imagination are needed to adapt activities to individual needs. You should be patient, self-disciplined, and resourceful. The ability to inspire confidence and to motivate clients is important. A strong sense of responsibility, good judgment, and communication skills are also necessary.

Job requirements

  • Audiologists require a master's degree in audiology.
  • Speech-language pathologists require a master's degree in speech-language pathology.
  • Membership in the national association, Canadian Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists, is usually required.

Other considerations

Movement into management positions like chief audiologist or director of speech-language pathology is possible with experience.

By the numbers

Quick look

320

employed in 2016

79.7%

employed full-time

14.1%

self employed

89.1%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
10.9%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
41.7

median age

Compared to: All Health

36,515

employed in 2016

75.7%

employed full-time

9.6%

self employed

83.6%
Icons/female Created with Sketch.
16.4%
Icons/male Created with Sketch.
43.5

median age

Where will I likely work?

58.7%

Halifax

14.3%

Cape Breton

11.1%

Annapolis Valley

9.5%

North Shore

6.3%

Southern

Compared to: All NS Occupations

47.0%

Halifax

15.6%

North Shore

12.9%

Annapolis Valley

12.7%

Cape Breton

11.8%

Southern

Top Industries of Employment

52.5%

Health care and social assistance

37.7%

Educational services

3.3%

Professional, scientific and technical services

3.3%

Public administration

3.3%

Retail trade

What is the age of Employment?

31.0%

25-34

28.0%

45-54

25.0%

35-44

13.0%

55-64

3.0%

65+

Compared to: All Health

24.0%

25-34

23.9%

45-54

21.9%

35-44

18.4%

55-64

7.7%

15-24

Top levels of education

88.9%

Master

$74,504 median annual income
6.3%

Doctorate

N/A
3.2%

High school

N/A

Compared to: All Health

38.4%

College Diploma

$40,033 median annual income
27.1%

Bachelor

$61,668 median annual income
8.7%

Medicine, Dentistry, Veterinary, Optometry

$81,191 median annual income
6.8%

High school

$24,829 median annual income
5.1%

Master

$69,296 median annual income

Education & training

Audiology/Audiologist and Hearing Sciences

College or University Program

These programs focus on the scientific study of hearing processes and hearing loss, and that prepares individuals to diagnose hearing loss and impairments and advise patients on means to use their remaining hearing and select and fit hearing aids and other devices. They include courses in acoustics, anatomy and physiology of hearing, hearing measurement, auditory pathology, middle and inner ear analysis, rehabilitation therapies and assistive technologies, and pediatric and other special applications.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Office of the Registrar

Halifax, NS B3H 4R2

(902) 494-2450

Speech-Language Pathology

College or University Program

These programs prepare students to evaluate the speaking, language interpretation, and related physiological and cognitive capabilities of children and/or adults and develop treatment and rehabilitative solutions in consultation with clinicians and educators. They include courses in the anatomy and physiology of speech and hearing, biomechanics of swallowing and vocal articulation, communications disorders, psychology of auditory function and cognitive communication, language assessment and diagnostic techniques, and rehabilitative and management therapies.

Institutions providing this program

Dalhousie University

Office of the Registrar

Halifax, NS B3H 4R2

(902) 494-2450

Employment requirements & contacts

Regulations

Speech-Language Pathologist/Speech-Language Therapist/Speech and Language Therapist

Right to Title and Practice: This job is regulated. The job title is protected, and you may not use it without a professional licence. A licence shows that the holder has met provincial requirements and is required to legally do this work.

Regulating body:
Nova Scotia College of Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists
502-5657 Spring Garden Road
Halifax, NS B3J 3R4
Audiologist/Hearing Aid Audiologist/Audiology Specialist

Right to Title and Practice: This job is regulated. The job title is protected, and you may not use it without a professional licence. A licence shows that the holder has met provincial requirements and is required to legally do this work.

Regulating body:
Nova Scotia College of Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists
502-5657 Spring Garden Road
Halifax, NS B3J 3R4

Contacts

Speech Pathologist's and Audiologist's Association of the NSTU
,
Speech-Language & Audiology Canada
1 Nicholas Street, Suite 1000
Ottawa, ON K1N 7B7
Tel: (613) 567-9968
Fax: (613) 567-2859
Health Care Human Resource Sector Council
380 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2L4
Tel: (902) 461-0871
Fax: (902) 461-9572