Outlook by Education Level

This page features the in-demand occupations by skill level for the 2021-2023 period. Skill levels are grouped as:

  • Professional – usually need a university degree
  • Technical – usually need college-level education or apprenticeship training
  • Intermediate – usually need a high school diploma and/or occupation-specific training
  • Labouring – usually have no formal education requirements

Professional – Usually need a university education

Professional occupations are expected to have slightly above average turnover and slightly below-average growth. Growth is expected to drive opportunities related to the information technology (IT) sector.

Below are the in-demand professional occupations:

Technical – usually need a college-level education or apprenticeship training

The largest skill level category is technical occupations. Over the next few years, nearly 1/3 of both employment and job opportunities will fall into this category. Half of the opportunities at this skill level will be created by new growth.

Below are the in-demand technical occupations:

Intermediate Occupations – usually need a high school diploma and/or occupation-specific training

Intermediate is the second-largest skill level. More than ¼ of all employment falls into this category. This skill level is likely to have the slowest job growth. Many of the openings are in occupations from industries hit hard by COVID-19 – like retail trade and food services. More recovery is likely.

Below are the in-demand intermediate occupations:

Labouring Occupations – usually have no formal education requirements

Labouring occupations are likely to have the lowest turnover and highest growth. Industries with large-scale job loss from pandemic restrictions are creating high growth as they recover. Other openings will be from higher rates of turnover in some occupations.  

Below are the in-demand intermediate occupations:

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