Labour Force Survey: Nova Scotia Highlights

Labour Force Survey: December 2023 Nova Scotia Highlights

Overview

Employment in Nova Scotia increased in December by 6,300 jobs (+1.3%). The unemployment rate fell to 6.0% (-0.8 percentage points). This issue of the Labour Market Information News monitors the key labour market indicators in December. The Labour Force Survey references the week of December 03 to 09 and compares it to the week of November 05 to 11.

Snapshot of Nova Scotia’s Labour Market in December 2023(1)
Compared to November 2023

A box labeled Labour Force with an upward arrow showing the direction of change since last month.

  • The labour force increased by 2,600 persons to 541,300. The labour participation rate rose by 0.2 percentage points to 61.9% in December.

A box labeled Employment showing total employment, full time employment, and part time employment. Upward arrows show the direction of change for each.

  • Nova Scotia’s seasonally adjusted employment level increased by 1.3% in December (+6,300 jobs) with losses in full-time employment (-1,700 jobs, -0.4%), and gains in part-time jobs (+8,000, +9.4%). (Individuals switching between full-time and part-time status are also included in these statistics).

A box labeled Unemployment Rate with a downward arrow showing the direction of change since last month.

  • Nova Scotia’s unemployment rate fell 0.8 percentage points to 6.0% in December. The unemployment rate in Nova Scotia has averaged 10.1% since 1976.

A box labeled employment rate with an upward arrow showing the direction of change since last month.

  • The employment rate (number of employed as a proportion of the population aged 15 and over) rose by 0.6 percentage points to 58.1% in December.

Employment Data in December 2023 
Compared to December 2022

Titled: Employment in October 2023 compared to October 2022. Vertical bar chart showing males and females; and 15-24, 25-54, 55+.

Titled: Employment in October 2023 compared to October 2022. Vertical bar chart showing full time and part time; and goods sector and services sector.


Industry Impacts

Titled: Top Industries by Employment Gain October 2022 to October 2023. A vertical horizontal bar chart showing wholesale and retail trade; information, culture and recreation; and transportation and warehousing.

Economic Region

Title: Employment by Economic Region, October 2022 to October 2023. Regions from top to bottom are Halifax, North Shore, Southern – all with increases, Annapolis Valley, and Cape Breton with decreases.

*The regional statistics is a 3-month moving average and is seasonally unadjusted. Therefore, it is not comparable to the statistics used in the rest of the report and may show a delay in data demonstrating sudden impacts to labour.

Employment Level and Unemployment Rate

A blue outlined box conTitle: Employment Level and Unemployment Rate Nova Scotia, Oct 2021 to Oct 2023. A bar chart with vertical lines indicating the level of employment every second month. A Horizontal orange line shows the unemployment rate trend.taining a bar chart with vertical lines indicating the level of employment every second month from Jul 2021 to Jul 2023 and a horizontal orange line showing the unemployment rate trend. Employment is labeled on the left axis and the unemployment rate on the right access. Chart Title: Employment Level and Unemployment Rate Nova Scotia, Jul 2021 to Jul 2023.

  • The employment level in Nova Scotia increased by 1.3% in December. The employment rate increased by 0.6 percentage points to 58.1% in December.
  • The unemployment rate fell by 0.8 percentage points and landed at 6.0% in December. When compared against historical Labour Force Survey data going back to 1976, Nova Scotia’s unemployment rate remains relatively low.

Nova Scotia Monthly Unemployment Rates, by Sex and Age

Table showing monthly unemployment rates by sex and age.

  • The overall youth (aged 15-24) unemployment rate decreased by 1.7 percentage points between November and December to 12.1%. The female youth unemployment rate fell by 3.7  percentage points in December, while the male youth unemployment rate rose by 0.6 percentage points. The female youth unemployment rate was 3.6 percentage points lower than a year ago, while the male youth unemployment rate was 2.5 percentage points higher than in December 2022. The unemployment rate for females aged 25 and over was 0.4 percentage points higher than a year ago, compared to a decrease of 0.5 percentage points for males aged 25 and over.

Labour Market Outcomes of Visible Minorities in Atlantic Canada in December 2023(3)

Title: Employment Rate. A bar chart indicating the rate for visible minorities and not visible minorities.

  • The employment rate (number of employed for the entire population 15 and over) for visible minorities in Atlantic Canada was higher than for non-visible minorities (70.3% vs 55.4%) on average in the last three months ending in December 2023.
  • Compared to November (3-month average from September to November) the employment rate of visible minorities rose by 0.4 percentage points while the employment rate of people who are not visible minorities or Indigenous people declined by 0.3 percentage points in Atlantic Canada

Title: Unemployment Rate. A bar chart indicating the rate for visible minorities and not visible minorities.

  • It is worth noting that aggregate data masks the fact that visible minorities and indigenous people face additional labour market barriers.
  • There are large gaps among different visible minority groups. Among the groups with available data(4), Arabs and Filipinos face the highest unemployment rates (19.6% and 9.6%, respectively), while 4.3% of Southeast Asians were unemployed in the last three months.

Employment rate

  • Indigenous people have the highest unemployment rate (10.9%), while they also face the second lowest employment rate (57.4%).

Unemployment rate

The next Labour Force Survey will be released on February 9, 2024, covering the January 2024 labour market.

Labour Force Survey Glossary

Employment: Employed persons are those who, during the reference week, did any work for pay or profit or had a job and were absent from work.

Employment rate (employment/population ratio): Number of employed persons expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over. The employment rate for a particular group (for example, one defined by age, sex, marital status, or province) is the number employed in that group expressed as a percentage of the population for that group.

Labour force: Civilian non-institutional population 15 years of age and over who, during the survey reference week, were employed or unemployed. Prior to 1966, persons aged 14 and over were covered by the survey.

Participation rate: Total labour force expressed as a percentage of the population aged 15 years and over. The participation rate for a particular group (for example, women aged 25 years and over) is the labour force of that group expressed as a percentage of the population for that group.

Unemployment: Unemployed persons are those who, during reference week, were without work, were available for work and were either on temporary layoff, had looked for work in the past four weeks or had a job to start within the next four weeks.

Unemployment rate: Number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force. The unemployment rate for a particular group (for example, one defined by age, sex, or marital status) is the number of unemployed persons in that group expressed as a percentage of the labour force for that same group.

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey Guide


(1) Source: Statistics Canada, Table 14-10-0287-01, Adjusted for Seasonality, Both Sexes, Ages 15+.
(2) Source: Statistics Canada, Table 14-10-0388-01, three-month moving average, unadjusted for seasonality.

(3) Source: Statistics Canada, Table: 14-10-0373-01, three-month moving average, unadjusted for seasonality. Starting in March 2022, the Monthly Labour Force Survey started to report labour market indicators of visible minority groups averaged over the last three-month period instead of monthly indicators.
(4) Data for West Asian, Korean, and Japanese minority groups are available at the Canada level only.

 

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